Download Forms of the Verbs Meeting 9 Matakuliah : G0794/Bahasa Inggris

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Transcript
Matakuliah : G0794/Bahasa Inggris
Tahun
: 2007
Forms of the Verbs
Meeting 9
Contents
• Different form of verbs
• How verbs changed
• Have, be, will, would
Verbs
• Words that express action or emotion. Verbs can
be conjugated in many tenses of past, present,
and future. The six forms that verbs are
conjugated into are first, second, and third
person singular and plural.
Some examples of verbs include: run, laugh,
write, think.
Verbs
• Transitive verbs: Verbs which have direct objects (no
prepositions are needed to connect verb and object); He
sees the house. We believe you.
• Intransitive verbs: Verbs which do not have a direct
object. This includes both intransitive verbs which take
an indirect object (usually with a preposition), such as I
spoke to him, and intransitive verbs which have no
object at all, such as I aged slowly. Note that the same
verb may be used in one context as a transitive verb (I
read the green book), in another context as an
intransitive verb with an indirect object (I read to my little
sister), and in yet another context as an indirect verb
with no object (I happily read all day).
Verbs
• Active voice: When the subject is represented
as acting; The boy loves his mother.
• Passive voice: When the subject is acted
upon; The mother is loved by the boy.
• Indicative mood: Makes a direct statement or
declaration, in the form of fact; The river flows
westward. The girl is very pretty. He was bad
today. I will be ready tomorrow.
Verbs
• Imperative mood: Expresses commands,
requests, permission and always has the subject
in the second person (you) which is understood;
Be on time. Talk to your mother. Give me the
book.
• Subjunctive mood: Indicates doubt,
supposition, uncertainty and presumes or
imagines an action or state; If he were here, he
would know what to do. It is necessary that you
be on time.
Verbs
• Past tense: I cried, was crying, did cry, have
cried, had cried.
• Present tense: I love, am loving, do love.
• Future tense: I will write, will have written.
• Auxiliary verbs: The "helper" verbs are used
before infinitives (can, may, will, should, must,
might) or participles (have). Have is also used in
the compound tenses (you have seen, they had
been.)
Verbs
• Participles: Present and past participles are derived
from the verb and act as a verb form, adjective or
noun. Present participles are formed by adding -ing to
the verb, while past participles are formed by adding -ed
to normal verbs. Present participles imply a continuance
of action, state or being. She is reading the book. Past
participles imply the completion of an action, state or
being. I have loved. Participles can also act as
adjectives when placed before nouns.
He is a reading man.
Verbs
• Gerunds: Gerunds are also formed by adding -ing to
the verb, but they function as a verbal noun and are
normally preceded by articles or demonstratives.
The singing was excellent.
Modal Verbs
Modal verbs are special verbs which behave
very differently from normal verbs. Here are
some important differences:
1. Modal verbs do not take "-s" in the third
person.
Examples:
– He can speak Chinese.
– She should be here by 9:00.
Modal Verbs
2. You use "not" to make modal verbs negative, even in
Simple Present and Simple Past.
Examples:
He should not be late.
They might not come to the party.
3. Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or
the future tenses.
Examples:
He will can go with us. Not Correct
She musted study very hard. Not Correct
Common Modal Verbs
Can
Could
May
Might
Must
Ought to
Shall
Should
Will
Would