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Transcript
Quantum Mechanics 2, Autumn 2011 CMI
Problem set 3
Due by beginning of class on Monday September 5, 2011
Angular momentum and spin
1. Recall that the angular momentum raising operator is L+ = ~eiφ (∂θ + i cot θ ∂φ ). Use this to
find L− .
2. Use the above formulae for L± to find the coordinate representation of the angular momentum
basis states Y11 , Y10 and Y1,−1 up to normalization.
3. Write out the 9 equations summarized in the formula for products of Pauli matrices
σi σ j = δi j + ii jk σk
4. Check that these formulae hold for the Pauli matrices
!
!
0 1
0 −i
σx =
, σy =
,
1 0
i 0
(1)
!
−1 0
σz =
.
0 1
(2)
5. The hamiltonian for an electron in a vertical magnetic field Bẑ is
!
g|e|~B
1 0
H=E
, E=
.
0 −1
4m
Find the spin state ψ(t) if the initial spin wavefunction is ψ(t = 0) =
6. Compute hS z i, hS x i and hS y i at time t in the state ψ(t)
7. Physically interpret the obtained expectation values for S x , S y , S z .
1
(3)
√1
2
(↑ + ↓).