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Stuff You Need to Know
The Legions
The Roads
The Law
The Latin
All Roads Lead to Rome
paved road called via Appia
(Appian Way)
over 310 000 km of road built
Roman Law: The Twelve Tables
Rome was among few societies that
developed laws that were codified (written
down) and fully analyzed by jurists
In response to pressure by the ordinary
people to break the monopolization of the law
by the patricians and upper class
Twelve Tables: written 450 BCE in Latin
Most laws related to civil matters
Formed basic legal procedures and
appropriate punishments
Roman law still distinguished between rich
and poor, freemen and slaves
•Romans spoke Latin,
which spread throughout
the Mediterranean
Greek was the only
other language to survive
For the next thousand years
Latin was the language of
Roman government and legal system
became the international language
of the Christian church
education and scholarship
Latin still to this
day has a strong
presence in
language of
medicine and law
e.g. Canis lupus
Examples of Latin
Veni, vidi, vici
“I came, I saw, I
Alter ego
“another I”
Bona fide
“in good faith”
Et cetera
“and other”
Exit or exeunt
“He / she / they go out”
Habeas corpus
“you must have the fact /
body of the crime”
“by way of”
Vice versa
“the other way around”
Et al.
“and others”