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Transcript
Allah
Arabic word for
God
almsgiving
Muslims must give
alms, or money to
the needy
Arabian Peninsula
region of the world covered
by desert, receives little
rainfall, Bedouins made their
homes in the dunes here
Bedouins
group of nomads
following one oasis to
another throught the
Arabian Desert
Declaration of Faith
there is only one God,
Allah and Muhammad is
his prophet
fasting
Muslims must fast
during the dayligh hours
in the month of
Ramadan
Gabriel
the angel who
spoke to
Muhammad
idols
false gods
Istanbul
capital of Turkey,
named by the
Ottoman Turks
kaaba
shrine in Mecca that
Muslims are supposed
to worship at on the hajj
or pilgrimage
Khadija
Muhammad's first
wife, supported him
in his revleations
Koran or Quran
holy book of Islam
Mecca
Muhammad grew up
here and it is the Islamic
religious and trading
center
Medina
means "city of the prophet"
place Muhammad fled to
during the Hijra or Night of
Flight
monotheistic
worships ONE God
mosque
Muslim house of
worship
Muhammad
prophet and
founder of Islam
Muslim
follower of Islam
Ottoman Turks
group who attacked
Constantinople and changed
its name to Istanbul and
religion to Islam
pilgrimage
Muslims must make a
piligrimage to Mecca at
least once in their lives if
they are able
polytheisitic
worships many
gods
Prayer
Muslims must pray 5
times each day facing in
the direction of the holy
city of Mecca
prophet
a messenger for God,
one who is regarded
as speaking for God
schism
a split
Shiites
smaller group within Islam,
argued ruler should be a
direct descendant of
Muhammad
Sunnis
larger group within Islam,
argued that any truly religious
Muslim man of Muhammad's
tribe could lead teh
community