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The above painting represents a cultural mindset that drove America for years. What cultural movement does this painting depict? Explain. History of the United states The story begins… • Original settlers arrived 14,000 years ago • Came over on land bridges that connected Alaska and Asia • Spanish arrived 500 years ago, claimed land from California to Florida. • English soon followed and established settlements along the eastern sea board. Colonial history • British dominated influence in North America • Development of regional economies – The North was an industrial center – The South thrived on agriculture • The colonies enjoyed fluent trade with England, France, Spain, and other countries… Colonial history • Seven Year’s War • British Navigation Acts • Great Awakening – Rev. George Whitefield – John Wesley Colonial history • Pre-1760s—Autonomy – Salutary Neglect • Outside Pressure – Post Imperial assertiveness of British – Enforcement of the trade regulations—driven by a need for money in Great Britain – Proclamation of 1763—closed western frontier – British still don’t have enough money—collect direct tax from the colonies Colonial history “Anyone who does not agree with me, is a traitor and a scoundrel.” -George III Show movie clip of “The patriot” American Revolution • In which the Thirteen Colonies that became the United States of America gained independence from the British Empire. • The Colonies united against the British Empire and entered a period of armed conflict known as the Revolutionary War or as the American War of Independence, between 1775 and 1783. Declaration of Independence • On the battlefield circa 1781. • The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen United States of America and written chiefly by Thomas Jefferson, explained the justifications for separation from the British crown Colonial history Why was it so important for settlers to establish a leader like George Washington? Independence & westward expansion • American Government – Democracy – Representative Republic – Federal System • Pull Factors • Problems with Native Americans • MANIFEST DESTINY Manifest destiny • Phrase that expressed the belief that the United States had a mission to expand across North America, spreading its democracy and freedom. • Never a political policy, considered a general notion. Economic development • Economic stratification • Growth of the Slave Trade – Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin – King Cotton • Civil War The 1900s • • • • • • Transcontinental Railroad—1869 Immigration World War I The Great Depression World War II The Cold War World Wars propaganda!