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Westward Expansion Review Three countries have owned California? What are they? ◊ Spain ◊ Mexico ◊ United States What did northerners want to stop the spread of into Texas? ◊ slavery He was the first president of the Republic of Texas. ◊ Sam Houston How long did the overland journey to Oregon take? ◊ Four to six months What was the name of the treaty that ended the war with Mexico? ◊ Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo What mountains did the pioneers have to pass to get to Oregon? ◊ Rocky Mountains This theory stated that it was a right from God that the United States expand from Atlantic to Pacific Ocean. ◊ Manifest Destiny What are the Mexican War and Indian Removal examples of? ◊ Manifest Destiny Who was the military and political leader of Mexico during the war with the U.S.? ◊ Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna What was the name of the old mission where many Texans died while fighting the Mexican Army? ◊ The Alamo Who was U.S. president during the war with Mexico? ◊ James K. Polk Out of ten, how many people died on the Oregon Trail? ◊ One, uno What was the biggest enemy of the pioneers on the trip to Oregon? ◊ Diseases, mainly cholera, which is caused by bad water He was the leading American general during the Mexican War. ◊ Winfield Scott What states became part of the United States after the war with Mexico? ◊ California, New Mexico, Arizona How long was the trip to Oregon? ◊ 2,000 miles How many men does it take for a twopart legislature to be elected? What does the Northwest Ordinance promise to settles? This religious group went to Oregon seeking religious freedom. ◊ The Mormons What nickname did Texans adopt for Texas after they declared it an independent nation? ◊ Lone Star Republic What phrase did Americans use to explain their expansion westward? ◊ Manifest Destiny ◊ Which trail to the West was the longest? ◊ What town was the starting point for both the Oregon Trail and the Sante Fe Trial? ◊ Where did the Oregon Trail end? ◊ Which of the following Native American tribes would a settler by unlikely to encounter on the Sante Fe Trail? ◊ Which two trails used the South Pass? Conflict with Mexico became highly likely following the granting of statehood to what state? ◊ Texas What did the Mexican government ask the settlers coming to Texas to do? ◊ Convert to Catholicism ◊ Obey Mexican laws ◊ Become Mexican citizens Who brought Americans to Texas to settle? ◊ Stephan Austin This purchase finalized Americas manifest destiny and the Mexican War. ◊ Gadsden Purchase What could the title of the picture below be? What natural barrier would a pioneer traveling west to California encounter that a pioneer traveling to Oregon would not? Which area on the map was acquired by the United States as a result of the Mexican War? What was the main purpose of the Lewis and Clark expedition? ◊ To explore the Louisiana Territory Where did the Lewis and Clark Expedition start? Where did the Lewis and Clark Expedition end? What was the cause of the War of 1812? ◊ The impressment of American sailors Why was the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812 unnecessary? ◊ The treaty ending the war had already been signed, but no one knew it yet because it took so long for the message to get across the ocean Who was the American president during the War of 1812? ◊ James Madison Who became a national hero during the Battle of New Orleans? ◊ Andrew Jackson Who did President Jefferson ask to lead the expedition to Louisiana? ◊ Meriwether Lewis What famous event happened at the Battle of Fort McHenry during the War of 1812? ◊ Francis Scott Key wrote the words to the Star Spangled Banner? What was the “spoils system”? ◊ elected officials rewarding political backers with government jobs What was the name of the treaty that ended the War of 1812? ◊ Treaty of Ghent In which state did Jackson receive the highest number of electoral votes? In which state did Adams receive the highest number of electoral votes? What was the idea of spreading political power to the people called? ◊ Jacksonian Democracy What two men ran for president in 1824 and 1828? ◊ John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson What is the “spoils system?” ◊ When government jobs were given to the people who helped the president get elected. This Indian created the Cherokee language. ◊ Sequoya What did President Jackson do in connection with the national bank? ◊ He vetoed the bill extending its charter What was President Jackson’s solution to white settlers hunger for more land? ◊ The Indian Removal Act Who did Jacksonian Democracy give political power to? ◊ The majority The Cherokee Trail of Tears was a result of ◊ Manifest Destiny ◊ The Indian Removal Act ◊ White hunger for more land What year experienced the steepest decline in U.S. imports and exports? ◊ During what year did U.S. imports reach $140 million? What does this time line represent?