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Transcript
EARLY MIDDLE AGES AND EAST ASIA
Mr. Kallusingh World History Topic 3
RISE OF THE FRANKS
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Europe was in disorder and change
 During 400-1500AD the world was in transition
and this period is referred to as the Middle
Ages, Medieval period, or Dark Ages
 Many tribes plundered Europe during this time
one of them that had a lasting effect was the
Franks

RISE OF THE FRANKS
Clovis was the man that brought the Frankish
tribes together
 Clovis was a good military leader and got
support from the church because he was
Christian

CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY 751-843 AD
After the death of Clovis his family members
were not strong leaders, and Pepin II took
control
 Pepin II family became known as the
Carolingians
 Pepin III gained control of all Frankish tribes
and received the blessing of the Pope, later on
rulers of most nations desired approval of the
Pope

CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY
Pepin III received a blessing from the Pope
because he helped the Pope in war and gave
him land (donation of Pepin)
 Charlemagne took over after the death of his
father Pepin and he was the greatest
Carolingian leader
 Charlemagne’s rule brought learning, order,
and civilization to barbarian Europe

CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY
Charlemagne divided his empire giving each
region a count as a leader and had missi
dominici to make sure the empire was run
properly
 After Charlemagne’s death his empire went on
a constant decline eventually being split up by
his grandsons

VIKINGS
Were the most feared invaders in western
Europe
 Were very democratic even though they had
kings
 They were very skilled with axes, boats, and
large dogs

MONGOLS 1206-1368 AD
They used a cavalry to be very successful in
combat
 Fiercest leader was Genghis Kahn
 Kublai Kahn did not allow people in China to
join the government unless they were
Mongolian
 Had an extensive communication system that
allowed messages to travel quickly

KIEVAN RUSSIA
Early Russian society sprouted up due to trade,
especially in Kiev
 Most areas were run by princes who took
advice from boyars(nobles)
 They traded wood, iron, salt, furs, honey, and
slaves with the Byzantines for wine, silk, spices,
fruit, jewelry, and textiles

FEUDALISM IN EUROPE 900’S-1300’S AD
Most of Europe during this period was
controlled by local lords
 Lords would grant a piece of land (fief) to a
vassal
 Warfare was very common during this time
period and the lords were responsible for
protecting people with knights

FEUDALISM IN JAPAN 800’S-1600’S AD
There was an emperor during this period but he
really had no power, the Shogun controlled
most of the power
 Local leaders called daimyo controlled the land
and had samurai to protect them
 If a person was skilled with a sword they could
move up in society

EUROPEAN
FEUDALISM
JAPAN
CHURCH IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE VS. JAPANESE
BELIEF SYSTEM IN MEDIEVAL JAPAN
The Church gained a lot of power as religion
became very popular and they became very
wealthy
 Japanese belief system changed during feudal
Japan with people believing they could receive
salvation through faith only, not needing
institutions

MANORIAL SYSTEM



It was a large farming estate that for the most
part was self-sufficient, anything needed from
outside the manor was the responsibility of the
lord
". . . I work very hard. I go out at dawn, driving the oxen to the
field, and I yoke them to the plough; however hard the winter I
dare not stay at home for fear of my master; but, having yoked
the oxen and made the plough-share . . . fast to the plough,
every day I have to plough a whole acre or more. . . . It is hard
work, because I am not a free man."
—Aelfric, Colloquy, translated by G.G. Colton in The Medieval
Village
MONASTERIES AND CONVENTS

These places became very important during the
Middle Ages, due to the fact that they took care
of the needy people
TANG DYNASTY 618-907 AD
They expanded the empire that the Sui started
 Xi’an was the capital had about 2 million ppl
 They reached a golden age for China around
750 AD
 Forced Buddhism out of China and reinforced
Confucianism, making a few changes making it
Neo-Confucianism

TANG LITERATURE
Li Bo wrote poems that were light, happy, and
elegant, Daoism
http://www.webdelsol.com/Perihelion/LiBo.ht
m
 Du Fu wrote very serious poems about human
suffering, Confucianism
http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/a-secondfarewell-to-governor-yen-wu-at-the-fengji-poststation/

SONG AND JIN DYNASTY 960-1160AD
Song paid Mongols 200,000 ounces of silver a
year so they would not conquer them
 China became known for great porcelain during
this time
 Jin controlled northern China
 During this time people moved
into the cities making changes to
Society, poor living in apartments
Rich living in huge houses

CHINESE CULTURE
Civil service exam was improved to avoid
cheating
 They invented gunpowder, printing, and
movable type
 Women began the practice of footbindging to
show their wealth, consequently small feet
became beautiful
