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Review of Sentence
For each of the following sentences, label the
subject and the predicate. Indicate if the subject
is understood or compound. Indicate if the
predicate is compound.
1. Liz drove to the zoo.
2. Pez dispensers are interesting.
3. Some people buy and collect Pez
4. China and Slovenia are two countries that
manufacture Pez dispensers.
5. Buy, collect and trade Pez dispensers.
1. S: Liz; P: drove
2. S: Pez dispensers; P: are
3. S: Some people; P: buy and collect-
4. S: China and Slovenia- compound; P: are
5. S: You- understood; P: Buy, collect and
trade- compound
What about all that other stuff in the
Every sentence needs:
- subject
- predicate
- to express a complete thought
Some sentences only need a subject and
predicate to express a complete thought.
EX. Owls hooted.
EX. She danced.
HOWEVER, it is possible to have a subject and
predicate and still not express a complete
EX. This coffee tastes.
EX. She always was.
Ex. I told
In these situations, you need additional words
to complete the thought- a complement.
(COMPLEments COMPLETE the thought)
 Definition: a word or group of words that
complete a sentence.
EX. This coffee tastes great.
EX. She always was a complainer.
EX. I told them.
Complements are NEVER in a prepositional
Types of Complements
1. Subject Complements: A noun,
pronoun, or adjective that follows a
linking verb and rename/ describe the
2. Objects: Nouns or pronouns that follow
action verbs.
Types of Subject Complements
 Predicate Nominative: A noun or pronoun in
the predicate portion of the sentence that
explains or describes the subject.
Ex. Angela will be our soloist.
predicate nominative
Ex. A whale is a mammal.
predicate nominative
Types of Subject Compliments
 Predicate Adjective: An adjective in the
predicate portion of the sentence that
describes the subject.
EX. The soil looks dry.
(dry soil)
predicate adjective
EX. The popcorn tasted fresh and salty.
predicate adjectives
Types of Objects
Direct Objects: Noun or pronoun in the predicate portion
of the sentence that follows a transitive verb. They
are never part of a prepositional phrase.
(Remember: Transitive verbs are actions verbs that
transfer their action to a noun or pronoun).
Direct Objects answer the question what/ who AFTER
the verb.
Verb+ who/what= direct object
EX. Lucy visited me.
direct object
EX. They were taking pictures.
direct object
Types of Objects
 Indirect Objects: Nouns or pronouns that come
before the direct object and answer the questions
to/for who/what the action of the verb was done.
Rules: -Can’t be in a prepositional phrase.
- Can’t have an indirect object without a
direct object. You can have a direct object
without an indirect object.
EX. Sheila told the children a story.
subject verb
indirect object
direct object
EX. We will give her an award.
subject verb
indirect object
direct object