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Transcript
Parts of Speech
Week 1
Tom Stearns
Hansung University
English Through Movies
7 Parts of Speech







Noun 명사 person, place, thing or idea
Verb 동사 action, occurrence or state of being
Adjective 형용사 describes a noun
Adverb 부사 describes a verb or an adjective
Preposition 전치사 attaches to a noun, shows relationship
OR attaches to a verb as part of a verb phrase
Conjunction 접속사 connects other parts of speech
Interjection 감탄사 a word with no grammatical function
Part of Speech VS Function
 Every word has a part
of speech:
 Everyone I know walked in front of me.
 However, phrases can have different
functions.
Part of Speech VS Function
 Function 1: S P
 Everyone I know walked in front of me.


In every sentence, a subject (noun) and a predicate
(verb) are necessary.
The subject is the acting agent of the sentence and
any words that describe it. The predicate is the
action and any words that describe it.
Part of Speech VS Function
 Function 2: NVAA (Nouns Verbs
Adjectives Adverbs)
 Everyone I know walked in front of me.
 Adjectives describe nouns.
 Adverbs describe
verbs.
Functions
 What is the subject?
What is the predicate?
Some of the people want
to leave.
_____________________
_____________
SUBJECT
PREDICATE
Functions
 What is the subject?
What is the predicate?
Last
night, twenty
people signed
up for the website.
___________
______________
__________________________
PREDICATE
SUBJECT
PREDICATE
Functions
 Separate the sentence into NVAA form.
Some
of the ________
people want
to leave.
____________
_____________
ADJECTIVE
NOUN
VERB
Functions
 What is the subject?
What is the predicate?
Last
night, twenty
up for
the website.
__________
________________
__________
_______ people
_______ signed
ADVERB
ADJECTIVE NOUN
VERB
ADVERB
Questions to ask…
 Nouns:
Who or what…?
 Verbs: What do they do…?
 Adjective: What kind, how many, which one…?
 Adverb: Where, when, why, how, to what extent…?
Yesterday, ten of those crazy children ran quickly
into the forest in order to catch bugs with their nets.
Why is this important?
When you are studying English, sometimes it is useful to
learn vocabulary.
Ex.) potato = 감자
But English contains so many phrases that have a different
meaning than their vocabulary. You must be able to identify
these phrases in order to understand the meaning.
Ex.) The gray one washes me out. = ????