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Social Studies Of or relating to human society and the welfare of humans as members of society. Created by Karen Rouse West Sylvan Middle School, Portland Public Schools September 2003 History Sociology Geography Social Studies Of or relating to human society and the welfare of humans as members of society. Political Science Anthropology Psychology Economics History www.lib.ohio-state.edu/bslweb/ BookofDays2.html • Studies the past (at least 20 years ago!). • Looks at the causes and effects of events. • Tracks what changes and what stays the same (change and continuity). • History locates events in time. • Historians work with records – primary and secondary documents. Geography 5 themes of geography 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Location – where is it? Place, regions, landscapes – what is it like there? Human systems - how do people, goods and ideas move from place to place? Environment and society – how do people interact with the physical environment? Uses of geography – how does geography help us interpret the past, understand the present and predict the future? Political Science Political scientists strive to understand political / government systems. They study the past, bring it into present and predict the future. Political systems include: Anarchy Theocracy Monarchy Democracy Dictatorship Representative democracy oligarchy http://www.costumes.org/history/renaissance/norris/Plate%20XXXVIII%20-%20Queen%20Elizabeth%20-%201588%20-.JPG Political Science What is the best form of government? Why? officialanarchy.iwarp.com/ www.ganesha.org/hall/ gallery.html www.senate.gov/.../art/artifact/ GraphicArt_38_00027.htm www.learn.co.uk/yvote/glearning/ cynicism.htm www.englishhistory.net/tudor/ monarchs/boleyn.html www.time.com/time/poy2001/ photo/hitler.html Economics How do individuals and societies choose to use the scarce resources available? Scarcity Choice Supply & demand Opportunity cost Economics United States http://www.stanfordhospital.com/directions/publicTransport/ China http://www.dellavita.com/china/bicycles.htm How do these images reflect Choice Scarcity Supply and demand Opportunity cost Psychology The study of individual behavior Individual identity: • Who am I? • Where do I fit? • What do I want? Anthropology www.paulweinberg.co.za/ features/masai.htm The Masai are a famous warrior tribe in Kenya whose lives center around herding cattle. The Masai believe the blood makes them very strong. Asks: what is culture? Anthropologists role is to describe what she or he observes without judgement. Emic – insider’s perspective Sociology www.bu.edu/sociology/ What are the relationships between, among and within groups within one society? How do people acquire social status in groups? Groups operate through NORMS, and NORMS are kept steady through SANCTIONS. Social Institutions in all societies: Family, education, religion, government, economy Sociologist’s role is to analyze the relationships and make recommendations. Etic – outsider’s perspective Sociology In your table groups, brainstorm the social groups at this school. Choose one group to focus on. What are the norms for this group? What are the sanctions used to keep members “in line”?