HS SOC UNIT 1 QUESTIONS Name _____________________________ Understanding Main Ideas Pages 20, 40, 62 1. What is the main focus of sociology? 2. What does it mean to have a sociological imagination? 3. What are the differences between sociology and the other social sciences? 4. Identify the major early sociologists. 5. What are the three main theoretical perspectives in sociology, and which of the founders of sociology is connected to which perspective? 1. List five examples of material culture and five examples of nonmaterial culture. 2. What is language, and why is it such an important part of culture? 3. How do folkways, mores, and laws differ? List three examples of each type of norm. 4. How do cultural traits, cultural complexes, and cultural patterns differ? 5. How did Margaret Mead contribute to the study of cultures? 6. What is ethnocentrism? How does it differ from cultural relativism? 7. How are subcultures and countercultures related? 1. What are the core American values outlined by Robin M. Williams and James M. Henslin? 2. What new American values have emerged in recent years? 3. Identify the two methods through which society enforces norms. 4. Explain the differences between positive sanctions and negative sanctions by giving an example of each. 5. What role do government policies play in enforcing cultural values and social norms? 6. How are the civil rights movement and the women’s rights movement examples of social change? 7. How has cultural diffusion changed eating habits in the United States? 8. For what reasons do people resist change?