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Competency Review Form
High School District:
Instructional Area:
Instructor Name:
School Year:
High School Courses
List information for your course(s) that align with the WITC course listed below. Determine the level of skill development demonstrated in your
course(s) for each WITC competency and enter the appropriate number from the rating scale in the corresponding course column (A, B, C, D).
Course
Number
Course
Title
Weekly
Class Hours
Class Length (check one)
Quarter
Semester
Year
Textbook/Software Used
Title and Version
A
B
C
D
WITC Course Information
Course Title: General Anatomy and Physiology
Course Number: 10806177
Credits: 4
Classroom Hours: 48
Lab Hours: 32
Clinical Hours:
Course Description: Examines basic concepts of human anatomy and physiology as they
relate to health sciences. Using a body systems approach, the course emphasizes the
interrelationships between structure and function at the gross and microscopic levels of
organization of the entire human body. It is intended to prepare health care professionals who
need to apply basic concepts of whole body anatomy and physiology to informed decision
making and professional communication with colleagues and patients. (This course also
provides the foundation, and is prerequisite to Advanced Anatomy and Physiology.)
PREREQUISITE: High School Chemistry or College Chemistry with C- or better.
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Rating Scale (for courses you listed above)
4 – Skilled. Completely understands concepts/
demonstrates very high skill level.
3 – Moderate Skill. Basic understanding of
concepts/demonstrates average to aboveaverage skill level.
2 – Limited Skill. Limited understanding of
concepts/demonstrates below-average skill
level.
1 – No Exposure.
Exit Level Competencies and Learning Objectives
1 Apply descriptive, anatomical, physiological, and directional terminology to the
human body and its organization.
a. Distinguish between anatomy and physiology.
b. Describe the anatomical position.
c. Describe the three major planes of the body or of an organ.
d. Identify the major body cavities and their subdivisions.
e. Identify the serous membranes that line the walls and cover the organs of
each body cavity and the fluid found inside each cavity.
f. Describe two ways to subdivide the abdominal region.
g. Identify the quadrants of the abdominopelvic cavity.
h. Identify the nine abdominal regions.
i. Describe the axial and appendicular regions of the body and their
subdivisions.
j. Use correct directional terms in the study of anatomy and physiology.
k. Describe the location of specific body organs.
l. Match locating terms with the correct descriptions.
m. Match body positions with the correct descriptions.
n. Define terms related to organization of the human body.
o. Define examples of homeostasis, negative and positive feedback systems.
p. Provide examples of homeostasis, negative and positive feedback systems.
2 Classify the major chemical components of living things according to their
structure and function.
a. Describe the structure of an atom.
b. Differentiate among an atom, molecule, compound, ion, and isotopes.
c. Describe the various types of chemical bonding.
d. List the body’s inorganic compounds and their functions.
e. Explain the importance of water in living organisms.
f. Explain the importance of oxygen and carbon dioxide to living organisms.
g. Describe the body’s major organic compounds and their functions.
h. Define enzymes.
i. Describe the role of enzymes in cellular metabolism.
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Course A
Course B
Course C Course D
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4
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Exit Level Competencies and Learning Objectives
Characterize the basic structure and functions of the cell and its parts.
a. Define cytoplasm and organelle.
b. Describe the structure, function and relationship of all cell organelles.
c. Describe the structure of the cell membrane.
d. Describe the different modes of transport of substances across cell
membranes.
Illustrate how cells store and use energy.
a. Define metabolism.
b. Distinguish between catabolic and anabolic pathways.
c. Contrast aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
d. Describe the role of mitochondria in cellular metabolism.
Correlate the structure of tissues with their functions.
a. Identify the microscopic anatomy of body tissues.
b. List the characteristics of each tissue type.
c. List the functions of each tissue type.
d. Give examples of the locations of each tissue type in the body.
Analyze the role of DNA in controlling cell functions.
a. Describe the structure and function of DNA, RNA, and chromosomes.
b. Describe the stages of a cell cycle.
c. Relate DNA replication to the cell cycle.
Analyze how components of the integumentary system function in the body.
a. Compare the structures and functions of the layers of the skin.
b. Describe the events occurring during keratinization that produce a skin
resistant to abrasion and water loss.
c. Explain the effects of ultraviolet radiation on the skin.
d. Describe the glands of the skin, their secretions and the functions of these
secretions, including surface film (acid mantle).
e. Describe the way in which the integumentary system helps to regulate body
temperature.
f. Describe the role of skin in sensation.
g. Explain the way in which skin responds to injuries and repairs itself.
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Course A
Course B
Course C Course D
Exit Level Competencies and Learning Objectives
8 Analyze how components of the skeletal system function in the body.
a. Describe the functions of the skeletal system.
b. Describe the composition and organization of bone matrix.
c. List the three types of bone cells and their functions.
d. Give examples of each bone classification, according to their shape.
e. Describe how the features that characterize spongy and compact bones
impact their function.
f. Describe bone growth.
g. Explain the role of bone in calcium homeostasis.
h. Explain how and when bone remodeling occurs.
i. Describe the different types of joints and how they work.
j. Apply movement terminology to joint functions.
k. Identify the components and functions of the axial and appendicular skeleton.
l. Relate the major landmarks on individual bones of the skeleton to their
function.
m. Discuss the process of skull development.
n. Identify the differences in structure and function of the various vertebrae.
o. Describe the skeletal differences between males and females.
9 Analyze how components of the muscular system function in the body.
a. Describe the characteristics and functions of muscular tissue.
b. Explain the organization of muscle at the tissue level.
c. Distinguish among the different types of muscle contractions.
d. Relate types of muscle fibers to muscular performance.
e. Identify the major human skeletal muscles and their actions.
f. Define origin, insertion, agonist and antagonist, prime mover and synergist.
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Course A
Course B
Course C Course D
Exit Level Competencies and Learning Objectives
10 Analyze how components of the nervous system function in the body.
a. Describe the anatomical organization and the general functions of the nervous
system.
b. Distinguish between neurons and neuroglia by comparing their structures and
functions.
c. Explain how the brain and spinal cord are protected.
d. Describe the major regions of the brain, their structure and functions.
e. Distinguish among the motor, sensory and association areas of the cerebral
cortex.
f. Discuss the structure and function of the spinal cord and spinal nerves.
g. Explain the role of white matter and gray matter in processing and relaying
sensory and motor information.
h. Describe the process of a neural reflex.
i. Identify the principle sensory and motor pathways.
j. Differentiate between the somatic and autonomic divisions based on their
respective structures and functions.
k. Identify the cranial nerves and their functions.
l. Contrast the functions of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the
autonomic nervous system.
11 Analyze how components of the somatic and special senses function in the body.
a. Discuss the receptors and processes involved in the senses of smell and
taste.
b. Describe the structures of the ear and their roles in the process of hearing.
c. Describe the structures and processes involved in maintaining equilibrium.
d. Describe the structures of the eye and their functions.
e. Explain the mechanism of vision.
12 Analyze how components of the endocrine system function in the body.
a. Explain the general functions of the endocrine system.
b. Differentiate between the two chemical families of hormones.
c. Explain the control mechanisms of hormonal secretion.
d. Identify the role of the hypothalamus in the endocrine system.
e. Describe the functions and effects of hyposecretion and hypersecretion of
major hormones.
f. Compare the roles of the endocrine and nervous systems in maintaining
homeostasis.
g. Describe the endocrine and nervous systems response to stress.
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Course A
Course B
Course C Course D
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Exit Level Competencies and Learning Objectives
Analyze how components of blood function in the body.
a. Describe the general characteristics and functions of blood.
b. Distinguish among the types and functions of the formed elements of the
blood.
c. Explain the control of red blood cell production.
d. Explain the mechanisms that help to achieve hemostasis.
e. Define coagulation.
f. Describe the basis of blood typing transfusions.
Analyze how components of the cardiovascular system function in the body.
a. Identify the names and locations of the major parts of the heart.
b. Explain the function(s) of each of the major parts of the heart.
c. Trace the pathway of the blood through the heart and lungs.
d. Compare the structures and functions of the major types of blood vessels.
e. Describe the mechanisms that aid in returning venous blood to the heart.
Analyze how components of the lymphatic system function in the body.
a. Describe the general characteristics and functions of the lymphatic system.
b. Describe the location of the major lymphatic pathways.
c. Describe the formation of tissue fluid and lymph.
d. Explain lymphatic circulation maintenance and the consequences of an
obstruction.
e. Describe major functions of the lymph nodes, thymus and spleen.
f. Define immunity.
g. Relate the role of the lymphatic system to immunity.
Analyze how components of the digestive system function in the body.
a. Describe the parts and functions of the digestive system organs.
b. Describe the functions of major digestive enzymes (ex. pepsin, amylase,
ptyalin, and lipase).
c. Describe the mechanisms of swallowing, vomiting, and defecating.
Analyze how components of the respiratory system function in the body.
a. Describe the locations, structures and functions of the organs of the
respiratory system.
b. Describe the mechanics of breathing.
c. Define respiratory air volumes and capacities.
d. Explain the mechanism of respiratory control and factors that may influence it.
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Course A
Course B
Course C Course D
Exit Level Competencies and Learning Objectives
18 Analyze how the macroscopic components of the urinary system function in the
body.
a. Illustrate the gross anatomy of the urinary tract
b. Describe general functions of the urinary system and its components.
c. Explain the functional processes of urine formation, including filtration,
reabsorption, secretion, and excretion
19 Analyze how components of the reproductive systems function in the body.
a. Describe the parts and general functions of the male and female reproductive
system.
b. Explain the way in which hormones control the activities of the reproductive
organs and the development of secondary sexual characteristics.
c. Describe the similarities between the male and female reproductive system.
d. Explain the diploid and haploid cycle in human reproduction.
20 Use appropriate scientific equipment, methods, and safety precautions
a. Accept responsibility for safety measures involved with tasks assigned in the
lab.
b. Accept responsibility for maintenance of the student work area before, during,
and after a lab session.
c. Accept responsibility for compliance of all OSHA standards.
articula/highschl/rating/10806177
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Course A
Course B
Course C Course D