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Essential Question: What meanings did myths about gods, goddesses, and heroes have for the ancient Greeks? What meanings do the Greek myths have for us today? Myths are traditional stories that are passed down by word of mouth and visual arts. They convey common beliefs in a particular society about natural phenomenon, historical events, and proper behavior. Three types of themes in Greek myths: Heroes, gods and goddess “How it came to be” Proper behavior Characteristics of a typical Greek hero: Strong Not necessarily a good role model Quick thinking Willing to do what others won’t Self-confident Courageous Intelligent Resourceful Ability to accept responsibility for errors Strong, possess endurance Accepts helps when offered Characteristics of a typical Greek god or goddess: Very powerful Human like flaws Immortal Like to meddle in human affairs Historical Events Flowers & plants Stars, sun and moon Geographical features Animal characteristics Seasons and climate Greek customs of proper behavior: Hospitality Respect of elders Interest in family Self-control Video learning break Zeus: Hera: Ruler of the gods. He is Wife & sister of Zeus. lord of the sky & the rain god. His weapon is a thunderbolt which he hurls at those who displease him. She is the queen of the gods & protector of marriage and takes special care of married women. Poseidon: Hades: Poseidon is the brother Brother of Zeus & lord of Zeus and lord of the sea. His weapon is a trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter any object. He is second only to Zeus in power amongst the gods. He has a difficult quarrelsome personality. of the underworld, ruling over the dead. Demeter: Persephone: Goddess of the earth, Daughter of Demeter, corn and crops. wife of Hade, queen of the underworld. Ares: Apollo: Ares is the son of Zeus Apollo is the son of Zeus and Hera. He was disliked by both parents. He is the god of war. He is considered murderous and bloodstained but, also a coward. and Leto. His twin sister is Artemis. He is the god of music, archery, light, truth, &healing who taught man medicine. Athena: Hephaestus: Goddess of wisdom, Son of Zeus and Hera He warfare and crafts. Athena is the daughter of Zeus. She sprang full grown in armor from his forehead, thus has no mother. is the only god to be physically ugly & lame He is the god of fire and the forge & is the smith and armorer of the gods using a volcano as his forge. Hermes: Aphrodite: Messenger of the gods. Goddess of love, desire (He wears winged sandals, a winged hat, and carries a magic wand.) He is the god of travelers, trickery, theft, commerce and science. and beauty. Eros (Cupid): Dionysus: The god of love. The god of liberation, wine, music, theater and fertility.