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Athens Golden Age!
Overview
Between 480 BCE and 430
BCE.
A result of rebuilding after
the _______Wars.
Inspired by the leader
________
City Life-The Good, Bad, and Ugly
Most people lived in small and compact living
areas.
______Families- short houses made of mud
bricks
______families- large houses with a center
courtyard
Streets were dirty from trash
Houses had few windows and not properly
ventilated for smoke from oil lamps
Gathering places were large and regal.
Large government buildings were the pride of the
Athens
Built on the _________-the hill above the city
The _________, built to honor the goddess
Athena, is the most well-known
Athena-goddess of wisdom and
12 Olympian Gods/Goddesses war
Religion
Zeus-ruler of gods
Hera-goddess of marriage
Poseidon-god of the sea
Hestia-goddess of the
hearth (family fire)
Bigger the building for a
god/goddess = greater importance!
Demeter-god of agriculture
Believed in many gods/goddessesAres-god of war
Apart of everyday life
Olympian Gods were the most
important (12 of them)
Created ________ to convey their
importance
Taught _______ from these myths
to have people follow specific
ways of life
Apollo-god of the sun, poetry, and
music
Artemis-goddess of the moon and
the hunt
Hephaestus-god of fire and
metalworkers
Aphrodite-goddess of love and
beauty
Hermes-messenger of the gods and
god of travel
Architecture
Temple built as dwellings for
gods/goddesses
Used 3 types of columns-_____,
_____, and __________
_____- slim, simple, tapered off at
the top
_____-slim with spiral fixture at the
top
__________- like the Ionic but with
a fancier top (with carved leaves)
Inside the temples contained
sculptures and a main room for the
god/goddess
Most temples were based on the
same design
Why is the Athenian
architecture so special?
Sculptors set up shop near the site were the
sculpture would be at-Why?
Sculptor ________ started- ________ sculptors
finished
Collaborated with __________-attached metal to
sculptures
Known for creating life-like sculpture
First started with Egyptian based sculptures
How would they have known this?
Then evolved into more sophisticated figures
Why change things up?
Famous sculptors were known for being true
__________ with gods when creating their
liking
Sculpture
Fine Arts
Going to the theater was a
regular part of Athenian life
No ______ acted, only _____why?
Famous for masks ——>
Plays were done competitively
Winning actors would receive
an olive leaf crown, figs, and
wine
http://www.youtub
e.com/watch?v=2
RnnMS2QtiM
Philosophy
Men gathered at the ______ to
discuss the world around them
Discussions over nature,
ideas, and how things worked
Socrates ________ eventually caught up to him and
landed him in jail for not honoring the gods properly
Socrates asked his followers…
and leading young men into error and disloyalty-why
would this be a big deal back in Ancient Athens?
What is the good life for a
After committing suicide by hemlock in jail, Socrate’s
disciple, _____, and his disciple, _______ continued
such questioning and thinking.
Is it ok to question the world around us today?
man?
What is truth?
How do you know?
Sports
Athenians and other Greeks loved sports!
The _________ Games included horse
and chariot races, footraces, boxing, and
wrestling, among other things
One event called the _________ led to
one person either surrendering, losing
consciousness, or even dying by combat
In the _______ Games, every 4 years,
Greeks called truces from all wars to
safely play the games
http://www.yo
utube.com/wa
tch?v=K8ztMl
mavBw
Cuisine
The majority ofAthenians had a
simple diet-Why?-Think about
where they live…
Bread, barley, wheat, olives,
figs, raisins, apples, grapes,
honey, various types of veggies
like leeks
For proteins, fish, various other
types of seafood (like eel!),
lamb, beef, various cheeses.
For tomorrow…
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uLyW5UYPYYs