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Roman Name
Jupiter
Greek Name
Zeus
Symbol
Lightning bolt
Juno
Hera
Venus
Aphrodite
Dove
Minerva
Athena
Owl and olive
branch
Mars
Ares
Apollo
Apollo
Lyre (musical
instrument)
Diana (Apollo’s
twin sister)
Artemis
Half moon
Neptune
Bacchus
Posiedon
Dionysus
Trident
Vine
Mercury
Hermes
Winged shoes
Pluto
Hades
Area of influence
King of the gods
Queen of the gods,
goddess of
marriage and
guardian of women
Goddess of love
and beauty
Goddess of
wisdom,
knowledge and war
God of war and
protector of rome.
Father of Romulus
(see timetable
above)
God of sun,
healing, prophecy
and the arts
Goddess of moon,
chastity, wild
animals and
hunting.
God of the sea
God of wine, party
like behaviour
Messenger God,
God of merchants
God of the
Underworld
The Gods are called the Pantheon (Pan means ‘all’ in Latin) They live in Mt.
Olympus (which is like a heaven) They have power over humans and can
interfere in humans lives whenever they wish. Humans in ancient Greece and
Rome worshipped the gods. They would worship them and pray to them when
they needed help in a specific area. For example if someone needed assistance
during childbirth or marriage, they would pray to Juno, as she was in charge of
that area. They would worship the god by sacrifice – this involved taking an
animal to an alter, saying a prayer and killing the animal by cutting it’s throat.
This would be done as a gift to the god, and in return the gods should answer
your prayer. The term used to describe this is ‘Quid pro quo’ (meaning something
for something) religion was like a contract for the people in ancient Greece and
Rome.