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Transcript
Chapter 9
Basic Application Software
McGraw-Hill/Irwin
Copyright © 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Competencies (Page 1 of 2)
• Discuss common features of most software
applications
• Discuss word processors and word
processing features
• Describe spreadsheets and spreadsheet
features
• Discuss database management systems and
database management features
3-2
Page 62
Competencies (Page 2 of 2)
• Describe presentation graphics and
presentation graphics features
• Discuss integrated software and software
suites
• Describe ways to share data between
applications
3-3
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Introduction
• Tasks such as business correspondence, sales
projections, graphic design, and data processing
used to require trained specialists.
• All these tasks, and many more, can be
accomplished using microcomputers and
application software.
• Competent end users in today’s word need to
understand the capabilities of basic application
software including word processors, spreadsheets,
database management systems, and presentation
programs.
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Application Software
• Application software is end user software that
is used to accomplish a variety of tasks
• Two categories
– Basic applications (focus of this chapter)
– Specialized applications
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Common Features
•
•
•
•
•
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
Icons
Windows
Menus
Toolbars
3-8
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Toolbars
• Quick access to commonly used commands
• Contain buttons that provide shortcuts
• Examples
– Standard Toolbar
– Speech Recognition
Standard 
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Microsoft Office 2007
• Newest version of Microsoft Office
• New Interface
– Ribbons
– Contextual Tabs
– Galleries
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Web-Based Applications
• Access to applications stored on Web sites
• Application service providers (ASP)
– Special sites
– Allows access to Web-based applications
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Speech Recognition
• Allows your voice to control application
software
• For best results, use your voice and mouse
or keyboard
– Train the software
– Control a program
– Dictate a document
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Word Processors
• Used to create text-based documents
– Memos, letters, and faxes
– Newsletters, manuals, and brochures
• Word processing programs
– Microsoft Word
– Corel WordPerfect
– Lotus Word Pro
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Word Processor Features
• Word Wrap
• Editing
– Thesaurus
– Find and Replace
– Spelling and grammar checkers
• Formatting
– Font and font sizing
– Character effects
– Bulleted and numbered lists
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Word Processor Case
• Creating a Flyer
• Creating a Report
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Creating a Flyer
Return
Page 69
3-16
Creating a Report
3-17
Page 70
Spreadsheets
• Programs that manipulate numeric data
• Spreadsheet programs
– Microsoft Excel
– Corel Quattro Pro
– Lotus 1-2-3
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Spreadsheet Features
•
•
•
•
•
Workbook files
Worksheet or spreadsheet or sheet
Formulas
Functions
Analytical graphs
or charts
• What-if Analysis
3-19
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Spreadsheet Case
• Creating a Sales Forecast
• Creating a Chart
• Analyzing Your Data
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Creating a Sales Forecast
Return
3-21
Page 73
Creating a Chart
Return
Page 74
3-22
Analyzing Your Data
3-23
Page 75
Database Management Systems
(DBMS)
• A collection of related data
• Sets up a structure for data storage
• Database programs
– Microsoft Access
– Corel Paradox
– Lotus Approach
3-24
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Database Features
• Relational
• Tables
– Records
– Fields
• Record sorting
• Queries
• Forms
• Reports
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Database Case
• Creating a Database
• Creating a Query
3-26
Page 76
Creating a Database
Return
Page 77
3-27
Creating a Query
3-28
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Presentation Graphics
• Programs that create visually interesting
presentations
• Presentation programs
– Microsoft PowerPoint
– Corel Presentations
– Lotus Freelance Graphics
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Presentation Graphics Features
•
•
•
•
Slides
AutoContent wizard
Design templates
Master slide
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Presentation Graphics Case
• Creating a Presentation
• Updating a Presentation
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Creating a Presentation
Return
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Updating a Presentation
3-33
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Integrated Packages
• A single program that provides the
functionality of several widely used
programs
– Popular with many home users
– Classified as personal or home software
• Advantages are cost and simplicity
• Disadvantages are limited functions
• Popular packages are
Microsoft Works & Apple Works
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Software Suites
• Collection of separate application programs
sold as a group
• Four types of suites
–
–
–
–
Productivity suite or Business suite
Personal suite or Home suite
Specialized suite
Utility suite
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A Look to the Future
• Agents will help write papers, pay bills, and
shop on the internet
–
–
–
–
Intelligent programs
Primitive agents currently exist
Microsoft and “Clippy”
Next Generation
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Discussion Questions (Page 1 of 2)
• Explain the difference between generalpurpose and special-purpose applications.
• Discuss the common features of most
software programs. Describe the new
interface introduced with 2007 Microsoft
Office.
• What is the difference between a function
and a formula? How is a formula related to
what-if analysis?
3-38
Page 92
Discussion Questions (Page 2 of 2)
• What are presentation graphics programs?
How are they used?
• What is the difference between an integrated
package and a software suite? What are the
advantages and disadvantages of each?
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Page 92