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Software
McGraw-Hill Technology Education
Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Software
Software is the
programs and
instructions that tell
the computer what to
do.
1A-2
Computers software falls into
two major categories:
System software
Application software
1A-3
System Software
Program that controls the
system hardware and
interacts with application
software.
1A-4
System software includes a
variety of programs, such as
operating systems,
communication controls program
utility programs, and
programming language
translators
1A-5
Application Software
Any computer program used to
create or process data, such as
text documents, spreadsheets,
graphics and so on. Example
include database management
software, spreadsheet programs
and word processing programs
1A-6
Operating System
• The master control program that
provides an interface for a user
to communicate with the
computer; it manages hardware
devices, manages and
maintains disk file systems, and
support application programs.
1A-7
Operations of Operating Systems
1. Input and output control.
2. CPU task scheduling.
3. Data management and
storage.
4. Command languages and
utilities.
1A-8
Single User Operating System
• A single-user operating System
is a type of operating system
(OS) that is developed and
intended for use on a computer
or similar machine that will only
have a single user at any given
time.
1A-9
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•
•
•
•
1A-10
MS-DOS
Mac OS (System 1 through Mac OS 9)
Windows 95
Windows 98
Windows ME
Multi User OperatingSystem
• Multi user operating systems
process the work of two or
more users, working at
different personal computers,
at the same time
1A-11
• Unix
• Linux
• Windows Server 2008
• Windows Server 2012
1A-12
WORD PROCESSING
• Software used to create and edit text
documents such as letters, memos, reports,
and publications. software may come with a
variety of integrated support programs, such
as spelling checkers, grammar checkers,
indexers, table of contents creators, footnote
managers, and word finders.
• Microsoft Word
• Wordperfect
• Corel Write
1A-13
SPREADSHEET
• A grid of columns and rows used for
recording and evaluating numbers.
Spreadsheet are used primarily for
financial analysis, record keeping,
management, as well as to create
reports and presentations.
• Microsoft Excel
• Lotus 1-2-3
1A-14
DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
• A database management system
(DBMS) is an application software
that lets the user to create,
organize, store, retrieve data from
a single database or several
databases
• Microsoft Access • Oracle
• SQL Server • MySQL
1A-15
PRESENTATION GRAPHICS
• Presentation graphics software
usually provides a slide show
features that permits the timed
and sequenced display of
charts, text, and images on a
display screen
• Microsoft Powerpoint
1A-16
ACCOUNTING
Accounting software is an
application software that records
and process accounting
transactions within functional
modules such as accounts
payable, accounts receivable,
payroll, and trial balance.
1A-17
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•
•
•
1A-18
Microsoft Dynamics GP
MYOB
Sage
Accpac
STATISTICAL SOFTWARE
• Statistical software are
specialized computer programs
for statistical analysis to perform
tasks such as standard deviation,
regression analysis, correlation,
variance analysis and frequency
distribution etc
* SPSS * STATA *SAS
1A-19
Project Management
• Project management software
is designed to help the user to
plan, organize, track, and
control a project.
• Microsoft Project
• Basecamp
• Genius Project
1A-20
GROUPWARE SOFTWARE
• Software to support and enhance
the communication, coordination,
and collaboration among
networked teams and workgroups,
including software tools for
electronic communications,
electronic conferencing, and
cooperative work management.
1A-21
• Lotus Notes • Microsoft Exchange
APPLICATION SUITE (INTEGRATED)
• Integrated software packages
combine the functions of the most
important PC software packages,
such as word processing,
spreadsheets, presentations
graphics, and data management.
• Microsoft Office
• Corel Wordperfect Office
1A-22
ANTIVIRUS SOFTWARE
• Software that identifies the
existence of viruses in a computer
system and may also eliminate
viruses the software recognizes.
• Kaspersky • Avast
• Norton Antivirus •McAfee
1A-23
Personal Information Manager
• This type of Software helps the end
users to store, organize, and
retrieve information about
customers, clients, and prospects,
or schedule and manage
appointments, meetings, and
tasks.
• Microsoft Outlook
1A-24