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TheThe Effects ofofthe Planets Effects the Jovian Jovian Planets on Bodies in the Solar System. Jiaqi Long, Evan Rauh, Maggie Aldworth, Will Fyfe Jupiter • Jupiter is the largest of all the planets. It is twice as massive as all the planets combined. • It has a diameter of: 142,984 km (equatorial) It has a mass of: 1.900e27 kg Its magnetosphere or magnetic field is massive reaching up to 650 million kilometers away but, appears to have no affect on the other planets. Jupiter’s Effects Jupiter's Effects Jupiter’s extreme gravity was most influential in the creation of the solar system by pushing around other planetoids while prohibiting the creation of others Jupiter also can affect comet’s orbits cause perturbation in the course of the comet The Sling Shot Effect All of the planets, especially Jupiter, have the potential to sling shot a comet into one of the other planets increasing its force Also, with the help of Mars, Jupiter could potentially pull an asteroid out of the belt and put it on a collision course with another planet. The Shield Jupiter however also acts like a shield for the inner planets by redirecting comets’ courses in space and either moving a comet out of the way of the earth or onto a collision course. Saturn is the Saturn 6th planet from the sun and has mystified many astronomers with its breathtaking rings. It has a diameter of: 120,536 km (equatorial) It has a mass of: 5.68e26 kg Saturn has 53 known moons and like Jupiter a significant magnetic field. Saturn’s Effects • Since Saturn is the second largest planet, it has a significant gravitational effect on the solar system. Much like Jupiter, Saturn effects the formation of certain objects in the solar system. • Also like Jupiter, Saturn has the ability to redirects comets in the solar system and can also act as a sheild. Uranus • Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun and the third largest in the solar system • Its atmosphere consists of 83% hydrogen 15% helium and 2% methane. • Uranus has nine rings, but they are very different from those on Saturn and Jupiter. They are made up of boulders of ice and are not reflective. Some are actually gray in their coloring Uranus’ Effects • Uranus has a strong magnetic field and jet streams in the atmosphere far stronger than that on earth • Uranus also is tilted on its axis 98 degrees. This makes its magnetic field follow the planet in a corkscrew form which affects the path of any object passing through its orbit. Neptune • Neptune is the only planet that can not be seen without a telescope • Neptune is the fourth largest planet and has a deep blue color because of its chemical composition • The winds on Neptune reach up to 700mph and its atmosphere is always in constant rapid motion. Neptune's effects • Because Neptune and Pluto's orbit around the sun intertwine, some people speculate that Pluto might have been an escaped moon that had been caught by neptune’s gravity. This could account for its strange orbit. • This is a good example of Neptune's effects on the solar system because it is pulling another body with it’s gravity out of the regular orbit. Neptune's effects continued • Neptune also is the biggest redirector of comets from the ort cloud and keep a good amount of comets out of the inner solar system. • The outer planets act as a defense network against incoming objects into the solar system and is a significant reason that earth has been safe enough to form life. To Wrap This All Up… QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. • All the Jovian Planets have rings made from small chunks of rock and ice that have been broken off of larger objects in collisions. -These are pulled together by the strong gravitational pull of the planets • The Jovian Planets act as shields, protecting earth and other objects in the solar system from collisions. • However, They also posses the potential to “sling shot” a comet or other object into a collision coarse headed for another planet. To Wrap This All Up… QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. • These planets are commonly called the “gas giants” but despite common belief, gas giants are not composed entirely of gas. A rocky core exists somewhere within these balls of gas, but it is difficult if not impossible as far as we know, to say where these centers are. • Their gravitational pulls are very strong and have the ability to pull objects that come near into orbit around it or its rings. But How Does This Relate To Us? • Without the help of the Jovian planets in the creation of the solar system, planet Earth may not even have existed. They have provided a shield from harm for us and their gravities have helped to create the solar system we know as our own. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.