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Transcript
TheThe
Effects
ofofthe
Planets
Effects
the Jovian
Jovian Planets
on Bodies in the Solar System.
Jiaqi Long, Evan Rauh,
Maggie Aldworth, Will Fyfe
Jupiter
• Jupiter is the largest of all the planets. It is twice as
massive as all the planets combined.
• It has a diameter of: 142,984 km (equatorial) It
has a mass of: 1.900e27 kg
Its magnetosphere or
magnetic field is
massive reaching up to
650 million kilometers
away but, appears to
have no affect on the
other planets.
Jupiter’s Effects
Jupiter's Effects
Jupiter’s extreme gravity was most
influential in the creation of the solar
system by pushing around other
planetoids while prohibiting the creation
of others
Jupiter also can affect comet’s orbits
cause perturbation in the course of the
comet
The Sling Shot Effect
All of the planets,
especially Jupiter, have the
potential to sling shot a
comet into one of the other
planets increasing its force
Also, with the help of Mars,
Jupiter could potentially pull
an asteroid out of the belt
and put it on a collision
course with another planet.
The Shield
Jupiter however also acts
like a shield for the inner
planets by redirecting
comets’ courses in space
and either moving a
comet out of the way of
the earth or onto a
collision course.
Saturn is the Saturn
6th planet from the
sun and has mystified many
astronomers with its breathtaking rings.
It has a diameter of: 120,536 km
(equatorial)
It has a mass of: 5.68e26 kg
Saturn has 53 known moons and
like Jupiter a significant magnetic
field.
Saturn’s Effects
• Since Saturn is the second largest planet, it
has a significant gravitational effect on the
solar system. Much like Jupiter, Saturn effects
the formation of certain objects in the solar
system.
• Also like Jupiter, Saturn has the ability to
redirects comets in the solar system and can
also act as a sheild.
Uranus
• Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun and
the third largest in the solar system
• Its atmosphere consists of 83% hydrogen 15%
helium and 2% methane.
• Uranus has nine rings, but they are very
different from those on Saturn and Jupiter.
They are made up of boulders of ice and are
not reflective. Some are actually gray in their
coloring
Uranus’ Effects
• Uranus has a strong magnetic field and jet
streams in the atmosphere far stronger than
that on earth
• Uranus also is tilted on its axis 98 degrees.
This makes its magnetic field follow the planet
in a corkscrew form which affects the path of
any object passing through its orbit.
Neptune
• Neptune is the only planet that can not be
seen without a telescope
• Neptune is the fourth largest planet and has a
deep blue color because of its chemical
composition
• The winds on Neptune reach up to 700mph
and its atmosphere is always in constant rapid
motion.
Neptune's effects
• Because Neptune and Pluto's orbit around the
sun intertwine, some people speculate that
Pluto might have been an escaped moon that
had been caught by neptune’s gravity. This
could account for its strange orbit.
• This is a good example of Neptune's effects on
the solar system because it is pulling another
body with it’s gravity out of the regular orbit.
Neptune's effects continued
• Neptune also is the biggest redirector of
comets from the ort cloud and keep a good
amount of comets out of the inner solar
system.
• The outer planets act as a defense network
against incoming objects into the solar system
and is a significant reason that earth has been
safe enough to form life.
To Wrap This All Up…
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
• All the Jovian Planets have rings
made from small chunks of rock
and ice that have been broken
off of larger objects in collisions.
-These are pulled
together by the
strong gravitational
pull of the planets
• The Jovian Planets act as shields,
protecting earth and other
objects in the solar system from
collisions.
• However, They also posses the
potential to “sling shot” a comet
or other object into a collision
coarse headed for another
planet.
To Wrap This All Up…
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
• These planets are commonly
called the “gas giants” but
despite common belief, gas giants
are not composed entirely of gas.
A rocky core exists somewhere
within these balls of gas, but it is
difficult if not impossible as far as
we know, to say where these
centers are.
• Their gravitational pulls are very
strong and have the ability to pull
objects that come near into orbit
around it or its rings.
But How Does This Relate To Us?
• Without the help of the
Jovian planets in the
creation of the solar system,
planet Earth may not even
have existed. They have
provided a shield from harm
for us and their gravities
have helped to create the
solar system we know as
our own.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.