Monotheism, Trade, & Writing Unit 1, SSWH 1 c, d, and e SSWH 1 c, d, & e Explain the development of monotheism; include the concepts developed by the ancient Hebrews, and Zoroastrianism. Describe early trading networks in the Eastern Mediterranean; include the impact Phoenicians had on the Mediterranean World. Explain the development and importance of writing; include cuneiform, hieroglyphics, and the Phoenician alphabet. What were the origins and structures of Mediterranean societies? Monotheism: Belief in 1 god • Founder of Judaism: Abraham • Key Beliefs Hebrews: worshipped Yahweh (God) Monotheism Created a covenant (promise) Exodus from slavery (Egypt) • Sacred Writings 10 Commandments (rules that regulate behavior, influenced laws) Torah: Jewish sacred writings p.57-61 • Impact on Society Ethical Monotheism—moral system of belief that established norms within society Zoroastrianism • Founder: Zoroaster p. 42 • Worship Ahura Mazda • Earth is a battle ground, fight between good & bad • Judged on how well you fought (all fight) • Believe in good & bad, afterlife – similar to Christianity, Judaism, & Islam Trade Spreads Culture • Mediterranean trade connected people from all over (sea & land routes) • Minoans “Good Sailors” – lived on Crete, loved the outdoors p. 114-115 • Traded pottery, weapons, metal, art, architecture, & figurines • Influenced Greece & Rome • Phoenicians “Best Sailors” – no country, lived all over (created cities where they traded) st • 1 people to sail out of Med. Sea • Greatest Legacy: Phonetic Alphabet/Symbols p. 34 Writing • Pre-history: time period before the invention of writing • Pictures: 1st type of writing • Invented to keep records (Mesopotamia) • Cuneiform, Hieroglyphics, & Phonetic Symbols – early forms of writing p.33,34,54 CUNEIFOR HIEROGYL M- 20 PHICS - 40 WHERE WRITING MATERIALS WHY WRITE HOW DID IT LOOK? PHOENICIAN ALPHABET 74 CUNEIFORM HIEROGLYP PHOENICIA HICS N ALPHABET WHERE MESOPOT AMIA EGYPT ALL OVER PAPYRUS PAPYRUS WHY KEEP RECORDS KEEP RECORDS KEEP RECORDS HOW DID SYMBOLS – WEDGE SHAPED PICTURES REPRESENTED SYMBOLS REPRESENTED CLAY WRITING TABLETS & MATERIALS REEDS Burning Question Write down one question you have about today’s lesson. You have one minute. Be prepared to share.