Period 5’s Awesome Chapter 2 Study Guide Key terms, people and places Scribe City-state Polytheism Empire Bazaar Myth Monotheism Caravan Sumer Mesopotamia Babylonia Fertile Crescent Hammurabi Euphrates River Cuneiform Famine Tigris River Alphabet Jerusalem Exile Nebuchadnezzar II Judah Assyria Moses New Babylonian Empire Israel Abraham Solomon Canaan Hammurabi’s Code Code Covenant Diaspora Deborah Phoenicia Prophet Ziggurat Chaldeans Sinai Desert Ninevah Tyre Why was Hammurabi’s Code significant? What was Hammurabi’s Code based on? Who were the kings of Mesopotamia? What material was used to write on? What characteristics describe the Babylonian and Assyrian Empires? Who made the alphabet? Who introduced monotheism to ancient peoples? What geographic features help civilizations develop in Mesopotamia? Who was Abraham and why was he important? Why was a ziggurat important to the Summerians? Why did the Phoenicians invent the alphabet? Why did people want to settle in Mesopotamia? Describe the rise of the Israelites. Why would the Phoenicians make up stories about monsters in the Mediterranean Sea? What were the Ten Commandments about? How did the Phoenicians become wealthy from the shores of the Mediterranean Sea?