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Chapter 16 Section 1 Top 10 list 1. Egypt (North Africa) and Mesopotamia (SW Asia) were the earliest known civilizations. 2. Mesopotamia was located between Tigris and Euphrates rivers. This region was part of the Fertile Crescent! (2 test questions) 3. Sumerians invented the wheel and the sailboat! 4. Mesopotamia’s religion was based on polytheism. Worship of many gods and goddesses instead of just one god. 5. The Sumerians used clay tablets to record a form of writing called cuneiform. 6. Sumerian scribes are believed to have written the world’s first known story. The story was called “The Epic of Gilgamesh.” 7. Babylon’s greatest king was Hammurabi. 8. The code of Hammurabi was created and this was how you were supposed to live your life. These laws were carved into stone! 9. Nebuchadnezzar was the greatest Chaldean king. 10. The Phoenicians were known for their alphabet. This is still found today in Hebrew, Greek and Latin! Jr. Scholastic 12/9/2013 (Unstoppable-Malala) *Read pages 6-8 in the magazine. Girls- What were you feeling when you read this article? Boys- Write a summary about the article. *Answer all 10 questions on page 9!