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Transcript
THE
RENAISSANCE
RENAISSANCE:
 Historical
period in Europe
from about 1300-1600 where
a renewed interest in the
classical culture of Greece
and Rome led to changes in
art, learning, and worldviews.
Why did the Renaissance begin in
Italy?
1.) History – ruins from ancient
Rome
2.) Thriving Cities – key location for
trade; exchange of ideas
3.) Wealthy merchant class –
dominated politics in Italian citystates
The Medici




Ruled Florence during the 1400s
Bankers/trade
Helped further the Renaissance by
supporting the arts in Florence (patron)
Florence became the symbol of the
Renaissance

Poets, artists, architects, scientists…
New Views of the Renaissance
– focus on human
potential & achievement
(Petrarch)
 Secularism – worldliness
(enjoying life in the here and
now)
 Humanism
Renaissance Architecture
 Return
from the Gothic style of
the Middle Ages to the Classical
styles of Early Greece and Rome.
 Architecture became simpler,
more symmetrical: columns,
arches, domes
New Techniques
 Perspective:
The linear
representation of distance and
space on a flat surface.
 How? By making distant objects
smaller than those close to the
viewer. Gives the illusion of
depth.
Examples of Perspective
The Geniuses of Renaissance Art
1.
2.
3.
4.
Leonardo da Vinci
Michelangelo
Raphael
Donatello
Leonardo da Vinci

Painter, sculptor,
inventor, scientist
 Mona Lisa
 The Last
Supper
The Last Supper
Michelangelo

Famous works
include:
 Pieta
 statue of David
 ceiling of the
Sistine Chapel in
Rome
Pieta
Statue of David
Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Raphael


A student of
Leonardo and
Michelangelo
Famous painting:
 The School of
Athens
The School of Athens
Donatello


Most famous for his
sculptures
Most famous is his
bronze statue of David