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Transcript
Diet and Nutrition
Staple Foods

Rice and black beans

Fresh fruits and vegetables
Deficiencies and Risks

Iron deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency

Underweight to overweight

Adequate energy intake
Leading Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases
Malignant neoplasms (cancer)
BRAZIL
FOOD INFLUENCED BY:
• NATIVE AMERICANS
• PORTUGUESE,
• AFRO-BRAZILLIANS,
• OTHER IMMIGRANTS
MAIN STAPLE
•
•
•
•
WHITE RICE
BLACK BEANS
PEANUTS
MANIOC MEAL
DIET
• Beef main meat eaten
• Beef lard
• Olive oil
• Butter
used as fats
Vegetable and fruit consumptions
average 2.3-2.4 servings per day
2nd in sugar consumption
HEALTH ISSUES
* 36% of population is overweight
• Cardiovascular disease
• DEFICIENCIES
• Vitamin A and Iron
JAPAN
• Highest life expectancy in the world.
• 85 years for women
• 79 years for men
• Lowest obesity rate 3% VS. 32% in
American
• Diet
– Rice
– Noodles
– Fish
Leading Causes of Death
•Malignant Neoplasm
•Cancer
•Heart Disease
•Cerebrovascular Disease

Staple Foods


Yearly consumption





Meat, potatoes, and bread
Needless to say...
Death by Heart Disease
119 liters/31 gallons of beer
117 pounds of pork
Germany has over 1,500 types of sausage!
A quarter of the population smokes daily
Life expectancy of 79



Variety of foods and nutrients due to seasonal
food and multiple courses with every meal.
Italians eat an average of 60 pounds of pasta
per person. USA is 20 pounds.
Italians on average drink 54 liters of wine.
Most in the world.
Staple foods:
o Pasta
o Tomatoes (sauces,
salads, antipastos,
everything)
o Less butter, More
Olive Oil.
8.5% Obesity rate
% of death due to heart disease
25
20
% of death due to heart disease
15
10
5
0
Brazil
Costa Rica
Germany
Italy
Japan
USA

Cohen, M. J. (n.d.). Health and nutrition implications of food insecurity and related policies: Brazil case study. Retrieved October 22, 2009, from
http://www.dse.unifi.it/sviluppo/doc/Cohen_%202_%20Brazil.doc


Demetri, . (2000). Pasta History. Retrieved October 16, 2009, from http://www.lifeinitaly.com/food/pasta-history.asp

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
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2009). Costa Rica. Retrieved from the FAO Web site:
http://www.fao.org/ag/agn/nutrition/cos-e.stm



Food in Every Country: Germany. (2000). Retrieved October 23, 2009, from World Wide Web:
http://www.foodbycountry.com/Germany-to-Japan/Germany.html

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
Germany: Facts and Statistics. (2000-2005). Retrieved October 25, 2009, from the World Wide
Web: http://www.nationmaster.com/country/gm-germany


Global Market Informati (2002). Wine consumption (2002) by country . Retrieved October 16, 2009, from http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/foo_win_con-foodwine-consumption


Nutrition in Brazil (2006). Retrieved October 22, 2009, from http://www.coach.ca/admin/pdf_admin/pdf/Nutrition_Brazil.pdf
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
Pan American Health Organization. (2007). Costa Rica. Retrieved from the PAHO Web site:
http://www.paho.org/English/DD/AIS/cp_188.htm#problemas
Sichert-Hellert, W., Wenz, G., & Kersting, M. (2006, January 25). Vitamin Intakes from
Supplements and Fortified Food in German Children and Adolescents. Retrieved October 30, 2009, from World Wide Web:
http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/full/136/5/1329#SEC2



Stamos Kovacs, J. (2005). Diets of the World: The Japanese Diet. WebMD. Retrieved October
28, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/diets-of-world-japanese-diet
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Sugano, M. (n.d). Soy in Health and Disease Prevention: Japanese Disease due to Nutrition.
Google Books. Retrieved October 28, 2009 from the World Wide Web:
http://books.google.com/books?id=PRV6uwUhoJEC&pg=PA140&lpg=PA140&dq=Diseases+due+to+nutrition+in+Japan&source=bl&ots=DxCYKN4D86&sig=A58t
DKlrozc5kHa33DiR5j38gTw&hl=en&ei=q1nrSvTQEZCINu69YMM&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CA8Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Diseases%20due%20to%20nutrition%20in%20Japan&f=false
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World Health Organization. (2005-2009). Health Systems. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from the
WHO Web site: http://www.wpro.who.int/countries/2008/jpn/national_health_priorities.htm
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World Health Organization (2006). Mortality Country Fact Sheet 2006. Retrieved October 20,
2009, from the World Wide Web: http://www.who.int/whosis/mort/profiles/mort_euro_deu_germany.pdf