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Further study in 1993 that tested the theoretical results of Lansing’s studies through computer
technology would come to the same conclusions and would also map out patterns to determine
the best ways in which irrigation should occur. Surprisingly, these technologically enhanced
programs would present very similar cropping patterns as those traditionally used through the
temple irrigation system. These results would serve as evidence for the Indonesian and
Balinese governments that the original system was the best option, and would also assist the
Balinese in better understanding how their own system worked and in planning island-wide
irrigation. (ibid. : 93-99) Lansing would also produce several films on this research and its
implications: The Goddess and the Computer (1988), as we all as three short films (Farmers
Meeting, From the Mountains to the Sea and Aftermath of the Green Revolution) for a travelling
exhibit on sustainable technology called “The Great Technology Challenge.” (1994) Lansing
continues to make contributions to the anthropological canon, both through writing and film.
The second wave of scholars of the mid-twentieth century, were conducting research in
Bali in a time of post-colonialism, and during a period where Indonesia as a country was still
defining itself. The Balinese people had faced much change and were, once again, being
defined by others, as they had often been in the past. During this period, they were being
forced to redefine their own belief system, bringing Bali into accordance with Indonesian
Scholarship on Bali was also being redefined. The first wave scholars were being largely
critiqued for both essentializing the Balinese people and culture, and for perceived