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American Arborvitae is a dense,
pyramidal evergreen tree. Main trunk
often divides into several leaders. The
branches with scale-like foliage are
displayed in horizontal sprays. Fruit is a
small (3/8") light brown cone. Needs a
moist rich soil, somewhat tolerant to
wet soils.
Colorado Spruce is a stiffly pyramidal
evergreen conifer. Horizontal branches
reach to the ground, but form may
become more open with age. Foliage
occurs in a wide range of colors from
green to silver blue. Prefers a moist,
well drained soil but will tolerate drier
soil. Adaptable to a wide range of
conditions. Full sun, especially for blue
foliage types which will lose "blueness"
in shade.
Austrian Pine is very hardy and a rapid
grower. Rugged horizontal branches.
Grows well in a variety of soils, endures
heat and cold and is tolerant of dust
and smoke. Good for windbreaks and
erosion control.
Norway Spruce is a large conifer that is
well adapted to much of the upper
Midwest. It is faster growing than many
of the other spruces. Foliage color is
dark green. Norway spruce produces
pendulous cones up to 6" long. Prefers
soil with ample moisture. Transplants
well. Best in full sun, since foliage
becomes sparse in shade.
Red Cedar hardy, attracts birds. Widely
Small to medium-sized
aromatic evergreen tree. Typically, the
trunk is straight and the tree has a
pointed, dense, conical crown that may
be varied or irregular, depending on
ecotype or competing vegetation.
Mature height is 30’.
Dawn Redwood Likes full sun, is easily
transplanted. Deciduous. Prefers moist,
deep, well-drained soils. Fast growing.
Grows to 70' to 100', 25' spread. It is
relatively care-free and is a tough and
beautiful specimen tree in any large
Sycamore prefers deep, moist, rich
soils of variable pH that are either welldrained or moderately drained, as it is
often found naturally along the edges
of bodies of water, and in wet areas of
fields or woodlands. Easily reaches
heights of 80 feet tall and 60 feet wide,
but can grow much larger.
Swamp White Oak has a broad oval to
round crown. Is found in the wild in
moist lowland sites. It also does well in
upland sites in the landscape. Leaves
are medium green above and silvery
green beneath. Fall color is yellowish
tan to orange brown. Tolerant of heavy
soils. Good tolerance to poor drainage.
Drought tolerant.
Requires a
somewhat acid soil.
Sugar maple has a mature height 50 to
60 feet. A long lived stately shade tree
having an upright spreading growth
habit. Deep green leaves turn fiery
hues of orange and gold in fall. A
popular uniform growing cultivar.
Leaves have a waxy coating that
protects them from summer scorching.
Bass Wood prefers moist, well-drained,
deep, rich soils of variable pH, but
adapts to average soils that are
seasonally dry. It thrives in full sun to
partial sun, it may reach 80 feet tall by
40 feet wide,
Butternut Hickory is an attractive,
high-branching tree. Large brown
sweet nuts. Likes moist soil. Grows 60'
to 80', 40' spread.
Arrowwood Viburnum much-branched
shrub with many shoots from base, or
sometimes a small tree, with showy
clusters of white flowers and blue-black
fruit. Grows 3-10 feet in height.
Black Chokeberry very adaptable
shrub, 1 ½’ to 3’ tall producing red to
purple fruit in fall. Shade tolerant,
preferring wet bog or swampy soils.
Valuable source of wildlife food for fall
and winter.
Spice Bush found throughout Ohio; can
grow to 12 feet tall and 15 feet wide,
permanently moist to wet soils that are
rich and of variable pH, especially
under shaded conditions. However, it
adapts reasonably well to dry, average
soils in sunny locations, where its
growth will be more dense and less
vigorous, but with better flowering and
fruiting performance,
Butterfly Bush is a deciduous shrub
with arching branches that can reach a
height of 15 feet. The showy flower
spikes are often purple, and the leaves
and stems are typically hairy.
Easily grown in average, dry to
medium, well-drained soil in full sun to
part shade. Tolerates wide range of soil
immediately after bloom. Plants may
be cut to the ground in winter to
rejuvenate. Member of the rose family.
Pawpaw is capable of fruiting in the
shade; it performs best on sites with
full-sun exposure, but with some
protection from wind. Pawpaws grow
best in slightly acid deep, fertile and
well-drained soils. Pawpaw will grow in
heavy soils but will not survive water
logged conditions.
Ohio Buckeye prefers moist, welldrained soils of variable pH that are
rich and deep, in partially sunny to
partially shaded conditions. It adapts to
average soils that are occasionally dry,
but moderate to heavy leaf scorch will
develop by mid summer, especially
when sited in full sun. Ohio Buckeye
prefers shady conditions in its youth,
but grows in full sun to full shade from
youth through maturity.