Download NAME_______________________________ Anatomy II Digestive

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Transcript
NAME_______________________________
Anatomy II
Digestive System
Part I: Answer the following short answer questions:
1.
Digestion is both chemical and mechanical. What is the difference between these
methods of breaking down food?
2.
You have probably experienced a burning sensation after you have thrown up. This
is the acid from your stomach burning the delicate lining of your throat. What function do
acidic gastric juices serve?
3.
What is an ulcer?
4.
What are gallstones?
5.
The major function of the small intestine is _________________________.
6.
The major function of the large intestine is __________________________.
7.
What is appendicitis?
Part II: Multiple Choice
1. All of the following are organs of the digestive system except the
A)
spleen
B)
liver
C)
tongue
D)
esophagus
2. Which selection includes only accessory digestive organs?
A)
salivary glands, thyroid gland, pancreas, liver
B)
stomach, duodenum, pancreas, gallbladder
C)
gallbladder, liver, pancreas, salivary glands
D)
liver, thyroid gland, gallbladder, spleen
3. Which term describes the wave of muscular contraction that moves material through
the GI tract toward the anus?
A)
peristalsis
B)
pendular motility
C)
segmentation
D)
haustral churning
4. Digestive functions of the tongue include
A)
manipulating and mixing ingested materials during chewing
B)
helping compress partially digested food to form a bolus
C)
assisting in the swallowing process
D)
all of the above
5. Which digestive organ mechanically and chemically transforms a food bolus into chyme?
A)
esophagus
B)
stomach
C)
small intestine
D)
large intestine
Label the organs of the Digestive System