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Transcript
©
Movements within Judaism
2005 Preliminary Course: Judaism. This sheet may be photocopied for non-commercial classroom use.
©
Orthodox
term applies to the traditional movement within modern
Judaism based upon the strict adherence to the letter of
the law.
rituals are conducted in Hebrew.
segregation between the sexes during worship.
Stress the importance of the Torah as coming from God
and therefore binding.
seek ways to fulfil the Torah in modern circumstances.
high moral and ethical concern for the world’s well-being.
observe strictly the Jewish Sabbath.
strict dietary rules.
(note: there are many varieties of Orthodoxy)
2005 Preliminary Course: Judaism. This sheet may be photocopied for non-commercial classroom use.
©
Conservative
referred to as the ‘middle ground’ between Orthodox
and Reform.
worship is conducted in Hebrew and English.
men and women sit together during worship
mixture of Orthodox and reform beliefs and
practices.
accepts the Rabbinical belief framework.
women are allowed to read from the Torah.
look upon God as a cosmic process rather than as a
transcendent individual.
2005 Preliminary Course: Judaism. This sheet may be photocopied for non-commercial classroom use.
©
Reform/Progressive
has sought to modify some traditional orthodox
religious practice and adapt it to contemporary life
and thought.
concentrate on the ethical teachings of the biblical
prophets rather than the teachings handed down by
Moses.
humans are seen as God’s partners.
challenges Rabbinical Judaism in every way.
synagogues are called ‘temples’.
women can be ordained as rabbis or cantors.
retain the spiritual and idealistic core of traditional
Jewish teaching but dispense with many Jewish
rituals.
2005 Preliminary Course: Judaism. This sheet may be photocopied for non-commercial classroom use.