Download JUST VOCAB

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Anatomy wikipedia, lookup

Anatomical terms of location wikipedia, lookup

Blood–brain barrier wikipedia, lookup

Circulatory system wikipedia, lookup

Human digestive system wikipedia, lookup

Common raven physiology wikipedia, lookup

Umbilical cord wikipedia, lookup

Insect physiology wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
JUST VOCAB
AMPHIBIANS
Chapters 42
Joining of an egg & sperm outside
External fertilization
the female’s body
____________________
Kind of development in which
offspring are born/hatch looking
like their parents only smaller Direct
____________________
development
Kind of circulatory system in which
blood is contained inside vessels
closed
__________________
Organism that has a notochord,
pharyngeal pouches, a post anal tail,
and a dorsal nerve cord
______________________________
Chordate
vertebrate
Organism with a backbone ____________________
Organism whose blastopore
protostome
becomes its mouth
____________________
Thin membrane in the coelom that____________________
mesentery
connects and holds the internal organs
Together
Male frog holding onto the
female so sperm and eggs
amplexus
are released together _____________________
Maintaining the correct
osmoregulation
balance of water and ____________________
ions in the body
cranium
Covering made of bone that ____________________
protects the brain; also called skull
Nerve cord surrounded by bone
or cartilage; also called a
Spinal cord
_____________________
Vertebral column
Joining of an egg & sperm inside
the female’s body
____________________
Internal fertilization
Kind of development in which
offspring hatch as larva and must
undergo metamorphosis to become
adults
Indirect
____________________
development
Kind of circulatory system in which
open
blood is NOT contained in vessels
__________________
and flows loose inside the coelom
2 Small teeth on the roof of the
frog’s mouth that keep prey
from escaping
Vomerine
teeth
______________________
Opening at back of throat for
gullet
food to enter esophagus ____________________
ileum
Coiled portion of small intestine ____________________
between duodenum and large intestine
Bile storage organ
Lower jaw
Gall bladder
__________________
mandible
______________________________
maxilla
Upper jaw ______________________________
invertebrate
Organism without a backbone ____________________
Organism whose blastopore
deuterostome
becomes its anus
____________________
Eardrum
Tympanic membrane
__________________
Anura
Order of “tail-less” amphibians __________________
including frogs & toads
Small out pockets at the anterior
end of the digestive tract that become
gills in a fish and the throat, ______________________
Pharyngeal pouches
inner ears, and tonsils in humans
Tail that sticks out past the
posterior opening of the digestive
Post anal tail
tract
____________________
Outside body covering in an animal
integument
__________________
This kind of body organ works automatically
without thinking about it ______________
autonomic
The concentration of nervous tissue
and sensory organs in the anterior
end of an animal
cephalization
____________________
In animals the body plan where the
left and right sides are mirror images Bilateral
symmetry
of each other
____________________
This part smoothes the flow of blood
leaving the ventricle
__________________
Conus arteriosus
These small thin walled blood vessels
connect arteries and veins and are the
place where gases, wastes, & nutrients
are exchanged
__________________
capillaries
arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood ________________________
away from the heart
Membrane that covers and protects
Nictitating membrane
a frog’s eye while swimming ______________________
Area in a fish’s brain that receives and
processes info from visual, auditory,
Optic tectum
and lateral line systems
_______________________________
Posterior part of the brain that controls
balance and muscle coordination
________________________
cerebellum
Blood vessels that carry blood back
to the heart
veins
_________________
Vertebral
Nerve cord surrounded by bone or
Cartilage; also called a spinal cord _________________
column
Posterior part of the brain that integrates
Info from the other brain parts and where
Higher brain functions like memory, learning,
cerebrum
Reasoning, and problem solving occur _____________
Collecting chamber that receives blood
returning to the heart from the body
Before it enters the atrium __________________________
Sinus venosus
Part of the brain that controls the
autonomic internal organs __________________________
Medulla oblongata
and relays sensory info from body
The concentration of nervous and
sensory organs in the anterior end
of an animal
_____________________________
cephalization
Small fingerlike extensions inside the
intestine that increase surface area
villi
for greater absorption of nutrients _______________
First section of intestine _______________________
duodenum
nearest stomach
The energy molecule is stored
in the liver ________________________
glycogen
This substance is made by the pancreas
and causes cells to release glucose into
glucagon
the bloodstream.
__________________
(Be careful! It sounds like the answer above.
Don’t get these 2 confused!)
Order of “leg-less” amphibians
APODA
Including caecilians
____________________
Multipurpose exit space before
cloaca
the vent
____________________
Body temperature that is
dependent on their environment
“cold-blooded”
ectothermic
__________________
The changing from a larva into
the adult form
______________________________
metamorphosis
Tubules that carry eggs from
____________________
oviducts
ovary to cloaca & add the jelly coating
Order of amphibians with tails
Urodela
including newts & salamanders ____________________
Exit opening in animals with
vent
a cloaca
__________________
Opening at back of mouth to
glottis
the lungs
____________________
nares
Scientific name for “nostrils” ____________________
olfactory
Sense that deals with smell____________________
Circulation that carries blood
pulmonary
from heart to lungs and back to heart__________________
Urine storage organ
Urinary bladder
_________________________
Circulation that carries blood from heart
systemic
to body organs and back to heart ____________________