Download 5-2: The Beliefs of Judaism

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The Beliefs of
• H-SS 6.3.2: Identify the sources of the ethical
teachings and central beliefs of Judaism: belief in
God, observance of law, practice of the concepts
of righteousness and justice, and importance of
study; and describe how the ideas of the Hebrew
traditions are reflected in the moral and ethical
traditions of Western civilization.
• E-LA: Reading 6.2.4 Clarify an understanding of
texts by creating outlines, logical notes,
summaries, or reports.
Language of the Discipline
•Scriptures: sacred writings
•Prophet: a person chosen by God to
bring truth to a ruler and the
•Rabbi: teacher
•Justice: fair treatment.
“People of the Book” (Input)
•The Jewish people base their way of
life on the Scriptures
• These sacred writings reveal God’s will as explained
by the prophets
• This unites Jews all over the world
“The Hebrew Bible” (Input)
• Hebrew Bible contains 3 sections
• Torah (first 5 books), also known as The Law of
• Have and explain The Ten Commandments in detail
and the Hebrew’s covenants with God until the death
of Moses.
• Many of the events in the Bible are older than the
written record.
• Many sections were passed down by word of
“The Hebrew Bible” (Input)
• The Prophets
• People who were preachers, poets, and reformers.
• Reminded people to obey God’s laws, how they should
relate to God, to other people, to the land which they
lived, and to themselves.
• The Writings
• Includes great Hebrew literature such as Psalms and
• Psalms is a collection of songs praising God.
• Proverbs contains wise sayings
• Other writings tell of heroes like Esther, Job, and Daniel.
“Laws and the Talmud” (Input)
• Jews want to respect God’s laws.
• The Torah has the Ten Commandments as well as
many laws that give directions for religious rituals.
• After Moses, other teachers called rabbis
discussed how laws should be interpreted in
certain situations.
• These writings were collected in the Talmud, a
text that Jewish scholars still study and discuss.
Basic Beliefs
• Monotheism- there is only one
• God was invisible and everywhere
• God expected everyone to follow His laws. He
was strict but merciful, just , and fair.
• Punished the wicked, but forgave people who
showed they were sorry for doing wrong.
• Some prophets predicted that the Israelites
would be driven out of their land if they
disobeyed God’s commands.
Judaism (Input)
• Israelites’ responsibilities:
• Serve God
• Treat one another fairly
• Protect the land that God gave them
• According to the Torah God’s first covenant was
with Abraham and the second with Moses on Mt.
• Israelites in turn believed they had a responsibility
to serve God, to treat one another fairly, and to
protect the land that God has given them.
• Knowing right and wrong was important in Judaism.
• Their religious writing also described the principles of
behavior toward God, one’s parents, and other people.
• The prophets emphasized these moral behaviors and
urged people to work for justice.
• They were to all help someone in need
• Many of these ideas have influenced modern thinking
about human rights and being concerned for others.
Checking for
• 1. What is the second section of the Hebrew
A. The Torah
B. Prophets
C. Writings
D. The Scripts
• Answer B.
Checking for
• 2. Which of the following statements is correct
about the Jewish religious writings?
• A. the Torah must be studied only by rabbis
• B. the Talmud is the most important Jewish
• C. the Hebrew Bible contains the Torah,
prophets, and writings.
• D. All of the above
• Answer C.
Checking for
• 3. Which of the writings of the Jewish people
repeat and explain the ethical teachings of the
A. the Talmud
B. the Prophets
C. the Writings
D. the Ten Commandments
• Answer A.
Guided Practice and
Independent Practice
• Guided Practice
• 5.2 Worksheet RC side #1 and 2
• Independent Practice
• 5.2 Worksheet RC- complete the rest of side 1
• Homework
• Note-Taking Guide Practice (backside of