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Middle East: Lesson 5 Standard: SS7G8d,e Essential Question: What is the reason for the division between Sunni and Shia Muslims? Guided Notes: Sunnis and Shias- Both Muslims: As there are divisions in many religions, so it is within the Islamic Faith Two major groups are the __________________ and _____________________ About ___________ of Muslims are Sunnis Where do the Differences come from? Sunnis follow the ______________, or custom of __________________________ Shias are Muslims who follow Ali, Muhammad’s closest relative How do they disagree? Ali was Muhammad’s cousin and was married to his daughter. After Muhammad died, Muslims split over who would succeed Muhammad as leader of Islam The __________________ wanted the ________________________ to choose the best leader to succeed Muhammad The ____________________ favored Ali, feeling that leadership should stay within the prophets _____________________________ Quick Quiz! 1. What are the two divisions of the Islamic faith? __________________________________ 2. Which division includes about 90% of Muslims? _________________________________ 3. Which group wanted Ali as their leader after Muhammad’s death? ___________________ 4. Which group wanted the community to pick the best leader after Muhammad’s death? ________________ Reading the Way to a Better Life: Usually there is a high correlation between the __________________________________ and literacy rate. Literacy Rate: the percentage of adults who can ___________________ and _______________ Countries and their Literacy Rates: Israel has the highest literacy rate in the Middle East at ___________________ War in Iraq over the past two decades has hurt both _____________________ and the ____________________. They have a literacy rate of about 74% Since invading in 2003, the United States has expanded education in ___________________, but still the overall literacy rate is only _______________ with a standard of living of roughly $800 per person per year. Quick Quiz! Fill in the blanks below 1. Usually there is a strong correlation between the standard of living and the ___________________ 2. ______________________ has the highest literacy rate in the Middle East 3. Since the middle of the 1970s ____________________________ has been in political turmoil, and the literacy rate is only 28% 4. War in the past two decades in _________________________ have caused problems in both the economy and education.