Download Melatonin sedative for a sleep EEG

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Melatonin sedative for a sleep EEG
Information for parents
Melatonin is a naturally occurring substance produced by the brain in the evenings as it gets dark, to
prepare the brain for night sleep. In clinical practice it is prescribed for patients with certain sleep
disorders, including jet lag. Melatonin is also widely used in the UK to induce sleep in children,
during the EEG study. For the sleep EEG recording we currently use tablets but a synthetic liquid or
capsule preparation is also available. Melatonin is regarded as a dietary supplement in the USA and
is readily available in health food stores and pharmacies. However melatonin does not have a
product license in the UK but can be prescribed by a doctor.
What will happen: Your Consultant may have prescribed melatonin when requesting the EEG during
the clinic. This will be available in the department on arrival should you wish to use. Even if your
child has been prescribed melatonin, it is essential that you also follow the sleep deprivation
instructions, as melatonin may not be effective in inducing sleep, without sleep deprivation.
How is Melatonin given? If you have been given the tablet preparation these will need to be
crushed and mixed with a yoghurt or if necessary a drink (water, milk or fruit juice). If you have the
capsules, these can be opened and the contents mixed with a drink. Please be aware that the
Clinical Physiologist doing the EEG is not qualified to administer medication, but will meet you on
arrival, and advise on the timing of when you should give the melatonin to your child. You are
responsible for giving the medicine in the EEG department.
After the test: Your child will be woken at the end of the test. The electrodes removed, the hair
cleaned as much as possible and you can go home. Children usually awake quite quickly from the
melatonin induced sleep, with less residual sleepiness than other sleep inducing drugs, and the drug
is generally well tolerated with no serious side effects.