Download Ancient Greece

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Ancient Greek astronomy wikipedia, lookup

Regions of ancient Greece wikipedia, lookup

History of science in classical antiquity wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek warfare wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek grammar wikipedia, lookup

Greek contributions to Islamic world wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek medicine wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek architecture wikipedia, lookup

Greek mythology wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek literature wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek religion wikipedia, lookup

Warm Up
 List any Greek contributions or anything you already
know about Ancient Greece.
 Small overall area compared to other early
 Important natural barriers
 Mountains-isolation
 Seas-key to trading
 The location and barriers allowed Greeks to practice
their own ways of life without very much outside
Minoan Civilization
 Formed on the island of Crete
 Crete was the first to develop Bronze in Greece
 Minoans were not Greek, but part of the Greek
 Greatly influenced Greek culture
 Knossos
 Most important place in Minoan civilization
 Center of Trade
 Suddenly the civilization collapsed
 Most likely due to invasion from Mycenaean's
Mycenaean Civilization
 Mainland Greeks from Mycenae
 Developed the first Greek government
 Monarchy
 Formed small independent states
 Loose alliance with each other
 Extensive trade network
 Conquered most of the islands surrounding Greece
 Supreme military power
 Led the Trojan War against the city of Troy
Trojan War
 Fought between Mycenae and Troy
 King Agamemnon was the leader of the Mycenaean forces
 Achilles
 One of the greatest heroes of Greek mythology and one of the
greatest fighters
 Helen of Troy
 Once the wife of King Menelaus, but loved the prince of Troy
 Paris
 Prince of Troy who took Helen away from Menelaus
 The Trojan Horse
 Greatest wartime trick to ever take place
Great Stories and Myths
 Homer
 Greek poet and epic storyteller
 Epic: a long poem involving gods and heroes
 Iliad and the Odyssey
 Greatest stories ever told by Homer about mythology
and great heroes performing extraordinary tasks
 Odysseus
 Traveler and great seafarer; Traveled through the
Aegean on his quest home encountering many legends
and monsters in Greek myth.
 Define the following terms using the textbook (pgs.
123-139). Write in your notebooks
Aegean Sea
Black Sea
Bronze Age
Epic Poem
Characteristics of Greek
Intensive agricultural techniques
Specialization of labor
A social hierarchy
Organized religion and education
Development of complex forms of economic exchange
Development of new technologies
Advanced development of the arts. (This can include
 Greek wealth, especially in Athens, allowed for
much specialization in cultural areas
Art and Theater
Silver mining and silversmiths
Art and Theater
 Central character (the tragic hero) suffers some
serious misfortune that is logically connected with
the hero’s actions (the tragic flaw)
 Most popular Greek playwrights:
 Aeschylus-focused on the role of individual actors
 Sophocles-Known for his treatment of the individual
and addressing complex issues
 Euripides-Bold and disrespectful
 Good climate, but bad terrain (very mountainous)
 –Hilly ground: grapes
 –Rocky soil: olives
 –Good soil: corn and wheat
 Sea was EXTREMELY important
 –Homer describes various fishing methods using
hooks, nets, and harpoons in both the Iliad and the
Economic Exchange
 Greek colonization did not produce a centralized
imperial state, but it did sponsor more
communication, interaction, and exchange than
ever before among people of the Mediterranean
 Greek language and cultural traditions spread
throughout the Mediterranean basin
 The polis was the most important element in
economic exchange
Economic Exchange
 City-states were usually built on two levels
 –On the hilltop was the acropolis and below was the
living and business area
 The market area was called the agora where trade
took place
 Trade included :
 Ivory and gems, Elephants, Silk, Wool, Purple dye,
and Grain were the main items traded
New Technologies
 Archimedes
 Greek mathematician and engineer
 Discovered the principle of the lever and the
importance of the fulcrum
 “Give me a lever and I can move the world”
New Technologies
 Hippocrates
 “Father of Medicine”
 Based his medical practice on observations and on
the study of the human body
 Believed that illness had a physical and a rational
 They constructed myths that related the stories of
the gods, their relations with one another, and their
roles in bringing the world into its present state
 Zeus’s court included many deities who had various
 Zeus-King of the Gods; God of Thunder; Symbol:
 Poseidon-Brother of Zeus and Hades; God of the Sea;
Symbol: Trident
 Hades-Brother of Zeus and Poseidon; God of the
Underworld; Symbol: Helm/Helmet
 Athena-Goddess of Wisdom and Strategy; Symbol:
 Ares-God of War; Symbol: Spear
 Aphrodite-Goddess of Beauty; Symbol: Seashell and
 Apollo-Twin of Artemis; God of Music and
Prophecy; Symbol: Lyre
 Artemis-Twin of Apollo; Goddess of the Hunt;
Symbol: Bow and Arrow
 Demeter-Goddess of Agriculture; Symbol: Wheat
 Dionysus-God of Wine and Joy; Symbol: Flute and
Wine Barrels
 Hephaestus-God of Fire; Symbol: Fire or Hammer
 Hera-Wife of Zeus; Goddess of Marriage; Symbol:
Tiara or Scepter
 Hermes-Messenger of the Gods; Symbol: Caduceus
or Winged Sandals
 Hestia-Goddess of the Hearth (Home); Symbol:
Cities: The Polis
 The city-state or polis was originally a fortified site
that provided refuge in war or other emergencies
 They developed independently of each other
 –Different traditions, economies, political systems,
 Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes are examples
 The architecture of ancient Greece is the basis for
virtually all Western architectural developments
 3 Orders of design in Greek architecture:
 Doric-Parthenon
 Ionic-Statue of Zeus at Olympia
 Corinthian-Very fancy and was used much later in
 Parthenon
 One of the greatest structures built in Ancient Greece
 Constructed atop the Acropolis in Athens as a Temple for
 Temple of Zeus
 One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
 Columns
 Greece was most famous for the columns they constructed
 Greek columns are still used in buildings all over the
world today!
 All Ancient Greece architecture served as a symbol of
order and harmony for the Greeks
8 Pillars of Greek
 Humanism-Be proud of your human abilities and
believe in your capacity to achieve great things
 The Pursuit of Excellence-Try to be more today than
you were yesterday; more tomorrow than you were
 The Practice of Moderation-Beware of going to
extremes, because in them lies danger
 Self-Knowledge-Identify and understand your
weaknesses and strengths
8 Pillars of Greek
 Rationalism-Search for the truth by using the power
of your mind
 Restless Curiosity-Seek to know what things really
are, not merely what they seem to be
 The Love of Freedom-Only if we are free can we find
 Individualism-Take pride in who you are as a
unique individual
Activity Directions
 Your group is responsible for the remaining 7 documents. Using the
numbered cards that were placed at your table:
 Person number 1: Read the quote to the group
 Person number 2: Lead a discussion about the quote with everyone
else contributing their thoughts.
 Person number 3: Read the paragraph about the Greek pillar of
wisdom to the group
 Person number 4: Lead a discussion of the questions regarding the
paragraph with all other group members contributing their thoughts.
 After the reading and discussion each group member needs to fillout the It Says, I Say, And So… graphic organizer.
 After the first pillar is completed repeat with the other documents,
rotating the assignment of the group members with each document.