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Homer is the name given to the purported author of the early Greek poems the Iliad and the Odyssey. It is now generally believed [attribution needed] that they were composed by illiterate aoidoi (rhapsodes) in an oral tradition in the 8th or 7th century BC. (Greek: Κλεισθένης, also Clisthenes or Kleisthenes) was a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family. He is credited with reforming the constitution of ancient Athens and setting it on a democratic footing in 508 BC or 507 BC .