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Transcript
UNWRAP OBJECTIVES
•
Factual: Define Treaties and Alliances
•
Conceptual: Describe the Benefits of Treaties
and Alliances
•
Communicative: Explain how Alliances and
Treaties help and hurt countries
AGENDA
•
Unwrap the Objectives
•
Notes
•
Political Cartoon Analysis
•
Class discussions
•
Graphic Organizer
ROLES OF UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY
Unit 3
Part 1
THE WAY NATIONS COOPERATE WITH
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
POLITICALLY AND ECONOMICALLY
TRADE RELATIONS
•
When two or more countries establish a trade
relation, they are agreeing to keep tariffs low
on goods from that country
• A Tariff is a tax on goods that are exported or
imported
• Exported is the sale of goods to a foreign
country
• Imported is the purchase of foreign
manufactured goods in the buyer's domestic
market.
POLITICAL CARTOON
ANALYSIS
•
According to the cartoon
who is NAFTA helping?
•
Who is NAFTA hurting?
•
How would NAFTA hurt works
workers in other countries?
•
How does NAFTA hurt
workers in the US?
•
How does NAFTA help
Corporations you think that
NAFTA is as bad as the
cartoon portrays?
•
What Symbolism do you
see?
POLITICAL
CARTOON
ANALYSIS
•
How does the
artist of this carton
feel about trade
agreements?
•
What evidence do
you have from the
cartoon?
•
What symbolism
do you see in the
carton?
TREATIES
•
A formal agreement between governments.
•
Treaties have the same power as law in most
countries
•
In the United States, the President and the
executive branch play a big role in getting
treaties done but they must be ratified by the
legislative branch to have the power of law
TREATIES: POLITICAL
•
Treaties that revolve around political issues
•
Transferring land
•
ex. The sell of Alaska or Louisiana
TREATIES: ECONOMIC
•
Treaties that revolve around economic issues
•
Can include things like agreements on fisheries
or petroleum access off the coast of two near
by nations
•
Trade agreements
•
Navigation of water
TREATIES: MILITARY
•
Treaties that revolve a round military matters
•
Defense treaties:
• Countries agree to come to each others aid if
one of the other countries is attacked
•
Military treaties can also deal with troop and
equipment movements through a country or
stored in a country
POLITICAL
CARTOON ANALYSIS
•
What is about
happening in this
cartoon?
•
Based on this
cartoon what
dangers are their
in alliances?
•
What symbolism
do you see in the
carton?
ALLIANCES
•
A form of military treaty where the nations
agree to aid each other in times of war
•
Alliances is what caused World War I to
become a world war, rather than a war
between two nations
GRAPHIC ORGANIZER
•
What event could lead to a world war based
on this graphic organizer?
•
Why?
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
•
Organization with an international membership, scope, or
presence.
•
There are two main types
•
International nongovernmental organizations - non-governmental
organizations.
• These include international non-profit organizations and worldwide
companies such as the World Organization of the Scout
Movement, International Committee of the Red Cross and Médecins Sans
Frontières.
•
Intergovernmental organizations - made up of sovereign
states (referred to as member states).
•
Notable examples include the United Nations (UN), Organization for
Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Organization for
Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Council of Europe (COE),
and World Trade Organization (WTO)
NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION (NATO)
•
Also called the North Atlantic Alliance
•
military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was
signed on 4 April 1949. The organization constitutes a system
of collective defense whereby its member states agree to
mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.
•
The course of the Cold War led to a rivalry with nations of
the Warsaw Pact
•
After September 11 NATO sent soldiers in to Afghanistan
to support the US Mission there
•
Often criticized for being slow to react
POLITICAL CARTOON ANALYSIS
•
Does the artist
have a favorable
opinion of NATO?
•
What evidence
do you have to
support your
answer?
•
What symbolism
do you see in the
carton?
EUROPEAN UNION (EU)
•
Is a politico-economic union of 28 member
states that are located primarily in Europe.
•
The EU has developed an internal single
market through a standardized system of laws that
apply in all member states.
•
Policies aim to ensure the free movement of
people, goods, services, and capital within the
internal market and maintain common policies on
trade, agriculture, fisheries, and regional
development.
•
Passport controls have been abolished.
•
A monetary union was established in 1999 and
came into full force in 2002, and uses
the euro currency.
UNITED NATIONS (UN)
•
Is an intergovernmental organization to promote international cooperation
• A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations
•
•
Was created after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict
At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193
The headquarters of the United Nations is in Manhattan, New York City.
•
•
The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions
from its member states
•
Its objectives include:
•
•
•
•
•
maintaining international peace and security
promoting human rights
fostering social and economic development
protecting the environment
providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed
conflict.
ORGANIZATION OF PETROLEUM
EXPORTING COUNTRIES (OPEC)
•
•
•
•
•
Is an intergovernmental organization of 14 nations
Founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members
Headquartered since 1965 in Vienna.
As of 2015, the 14 countries accounted for an estimated 43
percent of global oil production and 73 percent of the world's
"proven" oil reserves
Mission is
•
•
•
•
to coordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its member countries
Ensure the stabilization of oil markets
Secure an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to
consumers
Steady income to producers, and a fair return on capital for those
investing in the petroleum industry.
NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE
AGREEMENT (NAFTA)
•
Is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico,
and the United States, creating a
trilateral trade bloc in North America.
FILL IN THE CHART BELOW WITH YOUR
OWN THOUGHTS AND IDEAS
Benefit
Alliances
Political Treaty
Military Treaty
Economical Treaty
Risk
UNWRAP OBJECTIVES
•
Factual: Define Trade embargoes and peacekeepers
•
Conceptual: Assess the extent to which United Stats foreign
policy and Constitutional principles Affect relations with other
nations
•
Communicative: Explain how and why the United State gets
involved in with other nations
AGENDA
•
Unwrap the Objectives
•
Notes
•
Class discussions
•
Word exclusion
•
Cartoon Analysis
Part 2
THE UNITED STATES RELATIONSHIP
WITH OTHER NATIONS
WORD EXCLUSION
•
What term form the list below does not belong and why?
Free trade, Economic, Political, Treaty, Alliances, Military
FOREIGN POLICY
•
Also called foreign relations or foreign affairs policy
• Consists of self-interest strategies chosen by
the state to safeguard its national interests
and to achieve goals within its international
relations
•
This is how one nation deals with other nations
TRADE EMBARGOES
•
One of the United States strongest weapons in
foreign policy is the trade embargo
•
This is when one nation refuses to do business
or trade with another nation to force the
embargoed nation to comply with some
predetermined action.
POLITICAL CARTOON ANALYSIS
•
Is the Artist in favor of the
embargo?
•
According to the cartoon
who is enforcing the
embargo?
•
What symbolism do you see
in the carton?
UNITED STATES ROLE AS PEACEKEEPER
•
One of the roles of the United States in the UN is
providing peacekeeper forces.
•
These are soldiers that are sent in to other countries
to maintain peace and order
•
Sometimes they do this by acting with or in places
of local law enforcement
•
Other times it is to rebuild after a disaster.
•
Usually this is done to help spread democracy
HOW DOES THE VIEW OF PEACEKEEPERS
DIFFER IN THE TWO CARTOONS?
TRUMAN DOCTRINE
•
Became a central principle of US foreign policy after the
expansion of communism after WWII.
•
Truman Doctrine: policy of US to support free peoples
who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed
minorities or by outside pressures”
•
Addressed the issue of communist expansion by
pledging assistance to countries resisting communist
expansion
•
$400 million sent to aid Turkey and Greece
UNITED STATES BOARDER POLICY
•
•
•
•
•
Primary mission is preventing terrorists and terrorist
weapons from entering the United States
The U.S. Customs and Border Protection is also
responsible for apprehending individuals attempting to
enter the United States illegally
• including those with a criminal record
Stemming the flow of illegal drugs and
other contraband
Protecting United States agricultural and economic
interests
Protecting American businesses from intellectual
property theft