share studies and technical documents on HIA
... Action V ; Access to healthcare and promotion of healthy
lifestyle encourages the enhance of awareness on the impact
of regional/global trade policies and economic integration on
health and develop possible strategies to mitigate their
negative impacts through regional workshops and seminars,
comparison of us foreign aid toward somalia during and after the
... Foreign aid as we know it began as an instrument of the Cold War diplomacy. What
began as a temporary diplomatic expedient, however, became a permanent element in
relations between states, reflecting a strengthening norm that the governments of rich
countries should help poor countries. For decades, ...
ENSURING LABOUR MARKET SUCCESS FOR ETHNIC MINORITY
... the early stages of career development is to be expected. However, research has shown that experiencing
unemployment at an early age can often result in “scarring” effects on a young person‟s subsequent labour
market prospects and social outcomes (e.g. Stoll, 1999, OECD, 2010a), impacting on future ...
Reform of APEC - The Australian APEC Study Centre
... APEC tradition that the Secretary General is rotated with the host of APEC. Occupants
have served the organization diligently, but this system works against permanent memory
and bureaucratic continuity and a long term focus. The Secretariat is also small. This has
been a deliberate policy of key APE ...
... E) None of the above.
Should the home country be "large" relative to its trade partners, its imposition of a tariff on
imports would lead to an increase in domestic welfare if the terms of the trade rectangle exceed
the sum of the
A) revenue effect plus redistribution effect.
B) protectiv ...
ITUC-PERC/FGTB/LO-TCO Workshop on IFIs * EIB Investment
... The EIB received approval from the Council of EU Ministers to become active in Central Asia
(Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) in late 2008, following the
adoption of the EU strategy for a new partnership with Central Asia in June 2007.
In order for the EIB to begin op ...
... old and wealthy members
• Further enlargement is on its way,
delaying the realization of benefits
generated by an enlarged market
EU Enlargement – Blessing or Curse?
Malaria - WHO Western Pacific Region
... Summit in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, which brought together heads of state or
government of the Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN), plus Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, the Republic of
Korea, the Russian Federation and the United States of America. The leader ...
The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was an
... 1959) was the primary force behind the creation of SEATO, which expanded the concept of anti-communist collective
defense to Southeast Asia.
SEATO was planned to be a Southeast Asian version of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), in which the
military forces of each member would be coordi ...
Theories of European Integration. Ben Rosamond
... would yield an altogether more intergovernmental account of the integration process:
-A collective denial of the high-low politics problem.
-A failure to place European integration experience into appropriate international perspective.
-The refusal to accept that the existence of supranational insti ...
The regulatory state and the welfare state
... ‘family-friendly’ employment. While much of the policy discourse of the time seems
highly moralising to modern eyes, it was recognisably based on a search for policies
that will produce ‘positive sum’ outcomes, maximising the size of national income.
An important new direction in employment regulati ...
... advantageous retail environment. In fact, owing to its rapid economic growth and favourable
policy framework, Russia is the second most attractive destination for retail after India,
according to the A.T. Kearney Global Retail Development Index (GRDI). The GRDI identifies
the opportunity to invest i ...
US Economic Sanctions on Cuba: An International Ethics Perspective
... advance foreign policy goals by coalitions
of nations or by individual countries
imposing sanctions unilaterally. That
has been particularly true of the United
States. In their extensive study of over
two hundred episodes of sanctions over
the last century, Gary Clyde Hufbauer
and colleagues (2007) ...
Our Man In… The Role of Ambassadors / Diplomats in the 21st
... strategic commercial interests is crucial because as mentioned earlier attracting
FDI has become the central focus of strategic economic planning
• Adequate strategic planning is crucial not only for developing economies but
also developed ones.
• Although one should note that for commercial diploma ...
Sanctioning South Africa The Politics Behind The
... markets, while domestic consumers of those exportables gain from
lower domestic prices. However, producer groups tend to have more
political influence than consumers due to their ability to overcome
free-riding difficulties (Destler 1986). Consequently if export goods
are observed to be the chief ta ...
The EU-assistance policy for the post
... withdrawal of the state from the economy, no focus on institutions, civil
society). The influence of the principles of Washington Consensus on the EUassistance policy lead to the ignorance of a very important aspect of
transformation of these countries: state building and consolidation. This
Period 6: 1865-1898
... Large-scale production fueled…
• the substantial growth of cities in
both size and in number, leading to
some segments of American society
that enjoyed lives of extravagant
“conspicuous consumption,” while
many others lived in relative
• Gilded Age
... Currently, the amount of interaction between all nations socially,
economically, and politically is expanding dramatically. Foreign
policy is becoming difficult to separate from domestic policy.
President George H. W. Bush, President Clinton and President
George W. Bush all appear to be influenced b ...
... Should Congress be required to declare war before the
United States engages in armed conflicts?
a) Yes, there should be formal declarations of war by
Congress that signal the will of the people and the
nation to engage in the conflict.
b) No, formal declarations are not needed and serve
TURKISH G20 PRESIDENCY PRIORITIES FOR 2015
... our economies has fallen and the inequalities kept rising all over the
world. There still exist critical challenges to be addressed by the G20. This
means that, the G20 is still highly important and relevant in a post-crisis
The G20 is the premier platform for global economic and financial is ...
african trading blocs and economic growth
... absolute advantage in producing (Cavusgil et. al. 2015). For example, West African nations
can be said to have an absolute advantage in cocoa because they can produce it more cheaply
than India. As a result, trade should not be banned or restricted by quotas and tariffs but
permitted to flow in line ...
... – frequent calls to add new services & agencies
B. a visible majority of Italian citizens are dissatisfied w/ the bureaucracy’s performance
– too much red tape:
• “enforce the law for enemies & interpret it for friends”
– too much independence (& not enough expertise)
• most civil servants have tenu ...
Developmental state, or hard state, is a term used by international political economy scholars to refer to the phenomenon of state-led macroeconomic planning in East Asia in the late twentieth century. In this model of capitalism (sometimes referred to as state development capitalism), the state has more independent, or autonomous, political power, as well as more control over the economy. A developmental state is characterized by having strong state intervention, as well as extensive regulation and planning. The term has subsequently been used to describe countries outside East Asia which satisfy the criteria of a developmental state. Botswana, for example, has warranted the label since the early 1970s. The developmental state is sometimes contrasted with a predatory state or weak state.The first person to seriously conceptualize the developmental state was Chalmers Johnson. Johnson defined the developmental state as a state that is focused on economic development and takes necessary policy measures to accomplish that objective. He argued that Japan's economic development had much to do with far-sighted intervention by bureaucrats, particularly those in the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI). He wrote in his book MITI and the Japanese Miracle:In states that were late to industrialize, the state itself led the industrialization drive, that is, it took on developmental functions. These two differing orientations toward private economic activities, the regulatory orientation and the developmental orientation, produced two different kinds of business-government relationships. The United States is a good example of a state in which the regulatory orientation predominates, whereas Japan is a good example of a state in which the developmental orientation predominates. A regulatory state governs the economy mainly through regulatory agencies that are empowered to enforce a variety of standards of behavior to protect the public against market failures of various sorts, including monopolistic pricing, predation, and other abuses of market power, and by providing collective goods (such as national defense or public education) that otherwise would be undersupplied by the market. In contrast, a developmental state intervenes more directly in the economy through a variety of means to promote the growth of new industries and to reduce the dislocations caused by shifts in investment and profits from old to new industries. In other words, developmental states can pursue industrial policies, while regulatory states generally can not.Governments in developmental states invest mobilize majority of capital into the most promising industrial sector that will have maximum spillover effect for the society. Cooperation between state and major industries is crucial for maintaining stable macroeconomy. According to Alice Amsden's Getting the price wrong, the intervention of state in the market system such as grant of subsidy to improve competitiveness of firm, control of exchange rate, wage level and manupulation of inflation to loward production cost for industries caused economic growth, that is mostly found in late industrializers countries but foreign to early developed countries.As in the case of Japan, there is little government ownership of industry, but the private sector is rigidly guided and restricted by bureaucratic government elites. These bureaucratic government elites are not elected officials and are thus less subject to influence by either the corporate-class or working-class through the political process. The argument from this perspective is that a government ministry can have the freedom to plan the economy and look to long-term national interests without having their economic policies disrupted by either corporate-class or working-class short-term or narrow interests.Developing countries in general often were ruled in so called developmental states by colonial countries - and later by authoritarian regimes after the independence. That they needed good governance more than those structures is pointed out by Henning Melber, executive director of the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation in Sweden, in the magazine D+C Development and Cooperation.