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INTRODUCTION TO IMPERIALISM WHAT IS IMPERIALISM? Empire building and expansion Spreading beliefs and ideals to other places Gaining and/or holding colonies or dependent nations. WHAT IS FOREIGN POLICY? Foreign Policy: A set of goals, principles and practices that guide a nation in its relations with other nations. The relationship between one nation and another Remember not all relationships are good FOREIGN POLICY: WHO DOES WHAT? Secretary of State: advises president or may serve as a representative of the United States. Congress: treaties need Senate approval, provide $$ for the military. PARTNER TALK Who are some countries that the United States has a relationship with today? Are the relationships good or bad? Explain your answer. FOREIGN POLICY: DIPLOMACY Negotiations with other nations which may lead to agreements or treaties. FOREIGN POLICY: FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Giving financial assistance (money) to support friendly relations and policies of nations that are similar to yours or that you want to influence. FOREIGN POLICY: ARMED FORCES Giving military supplies or providing troops to allies. Threat of using force TWO SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT Realism Relationship with other nations American foreign policy should be guided by national self interest (national security, increased trade, access to overseas resources (oil, land) Idealism American foreign policy should be used to promote America’s founding ideals (democracy, liberty) all people should have a better world. EARLY FOREIGN POLICY George Washington’s Farewell Address 1796 “It is our true policy, to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.” Stay neutral Stay out of other countries affairs GEORGE WASHINGTON SAID… “ The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations…to have with them as little political connection as possible.” I think… I wonder… MONROE DOCTRINE 1817 President James Monroe faced foreign policy challenges. Russia controlled Alaska and began moving into territory that was claimed by both the United States and Great Britain. Revolutions spreading across Latin America as colonies rise up against their Spanish “rulers” MONROE DOCTRINE CONTINUED… Message to European Countries: STOP colonizing the “American Continent” DO NOT interfere in the Western Hemisphere MANIFEST DESTINY The belief held by many Americans in the mid 1800’s that the United States was destined to spread across the North American continent and beyond. It was “obvious “to many Americans that God had chosen them to spread “civilization” Technology/Innovations Christianity Education American Ideals AMERICAN PAGEANT CH. 27 EMPIRE AND EXPANSION, 1890-1909 Pg. 670 The Imperial Menu What countries/islands is the United States going to exert their influence according to this cartoon? What can you infer from this cartoon? (Where are these places located in relation to the United States? AMERICAN PAGEANT CH. 27 EMPIRE AND EXPANSION, 1890-1909 Pg. 673 United States Expansion, 1857-1917 What can you infer from this map? Where and how is the United States spreading it’s empire and ideals? Pg. 682 Uncle Sam and People from His Colonies What does the word paternal mean? How is the United States acting paternal toward its colonies?