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Arabic Parts of Speech GLCES/Benchmarks//Michigan Content Standards/Rationale 4.1.N.b Identify basic differences and similarities in grammatical structures between one’s own language and the target Objectives : Identify parts of speech in Arabic sentence Write Arabic sentences placing parts of speech in the right order Materials Needed : Smart board, Lined papers Pencils Arabic Reading Handout Teacher Procedure/Development The class will start by introducing the parts of speech in Arabic. Introduction The order of speech in Arabic is different than the English. The Arabic sentence will start with a verb compared to the English which it starts with a subject. Methods and Procedures 1. The teacher will write an Arabic sentence on the smart board, then students have to copy it and go over teach word with the teacher. 2. The teacher will introduce more than one example until students be able to pronounce each word in Arabic Language and know the English translation. 3. Student will be divided into groups of three, they will be given handouts with Arabic sentences to read and identify: the verb, the subject, the object, etc... 4. Students will work individual to write sentences about a given word (each sentence will include subject and verb in the correct order) Accommodations/ Adaptations Students who need more time to work on the activity will be given extended time to complete as well as the teacher will work with these students to complete the activity. Practice Individual guided practice Presentation Group work Check for Understanding Go around the room to check if students are working correctly. Closure Students will have to finish what is not done for homework. Outcomes/Assessment/Evaluation Check for homework if it is done correctly, give a small quiz to test their learning. Teacher reflection Parts of speech in Arabic Language are: 1- ism ( noun ) اسمname of a person or animal or anything has a name. 2- fe'al ( verb ) فعلa verb in past or present or future. 3- harrf ( compound letters ) حرفexample ( قد- في- عن- الى- ) منas ( to of - from - but ). مثال: جملة باللغة العربية على أقسام الكالم An Arabic sentence ( Jumllah ) as an example on Parts of Speech: ذهب محمد الى السوقmeans Mohamad went to the market. If we want to identify and recognize the types of words in this sentence,we will divide them as ( nouns ) ( verbs ) ( horrof). Horrof or Ahruff means letters and this word horrof is a plural form of harrf like feetof foot. 1- nouns are ( ) محمدMohamad is a name of a person and ( السوقmeans the market ) market is a name of a place.We have 2 names in this sentence ( mohamad and market ) and the is an article = ال 2- verbs are = ذهبwent ( we have only one verb here which is went ) 3- horrof (letters) are = إلىto ( we have only one letter here which is to = ) الى. In Arabic we call words like ( to, of, from, in, and, but, if ) horrof and they are conjunctions used to connect nouns , verbs and words together to make phrases or complete sentences . Verbs in Arabic Language devided to 3 types: 1- Fe"al Madei means ( Past Verb ) as kataba كتبfor a male person ( he wrote ) or katabat كتبتfor a female person ( she wrote ) and as laeba لعبfor a male or laebat لعبتfor a female means ( he/she played ). 2- Fe'al Muddare' or Hadder means ( Present Verb ) as yaktub يكتبfor a male person ( he writes ) ortaktub تكتبfor a female person ( she writes ) and as yala'b يلعبfor a male person or tala'b تلعبfor a female person means ( he/she plays ). 3- Fe"al Ammr ( Command Verb ) as oktub أكتبfor a male person and oktubei أكتبيfor a female means write and as illabb العب/ illabei العبيmeans ( play ).