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;‫ عربية‬.Mūsīqā Arabīyya ʿ) is the music of the Arab world
, including several musical genres and styles ranging
from Arabic classical to Arabic pop music and from
secular to sacred music .
Arabic Maqam is the system of melodic modes used
in traditional Arab music, which is mainly melodic. The
Maqam word in Arabic means "station" and shows a
kind of melody that was built on the scale and bring
the tradition that defines the custom phrases,
important notes, melodic development and
modulation. Both compositions and improvisations in
traditional Arabic music are based on the Maqams
can be realized with either vocal or instrumental
music, and not including rhythmic components.
Maqam System
Maqam tone
Although it would be wrong to call the capital
system, the Arabic system is more complex than
the Greek fashion. Basis of Arab music is the
Maqam pl. (maqamat), who looked like fashion,
but not exactly the same. The tonic note, the
dominant notes, and endnotes (unless modulation
occurs) is generally determined by the Maqam
used. Arabic Maqam theory as derived in the
literature on behalf of the ages between 90 and
110 maqams, which are grouped into larger
categories called fasilah. Fasilah maqams first is a
grouping of four main pitches are shared similarity.
Habib Hassan Touma (1996, ) has announced that
there were "five parts" that is characteristic of
Arab music:
The Arab tone system , which is a musical tuning system
that relies on a certain interval structure and created by
al-Farabi in the 10th century (p. 170)
Temporal rhythm structures that produce a rich variety
of rhythmic patterns, known as awzan or "heavy", which
used to accompany the metered vocal and instrumental
genres, for accents or to give them shape.
A number of musical instruments found in
the entire Arab world that represent a
standard system of tone , played with
common techniques of performance
standards, and show similar details in
construction and design.
 Particular social context that produces
sub-categories of Arabic music, or music
genre that can be broadly classified as
urban (music of the city), (country music
of rural population), or Bedouin (music of
the desert dwellers)
The mentality of Arab music, "responsible
for the aesthetic homogeneity of the
spatial-temporal-rhythmic, and tonal
structure of the entire Arab world
whether composed or improvised ,
instrumental or vocal , secular or sacred .
Al-Kindi (801-873 AD) was the first great theoretician of
Arabic music. He proposed adding the fifth string to
the oud and discuss the cosmological connotations of
music. He transcends the achievement of Greek
musicians in using alphabetic explanation for one
eighth. He published fifteen treatises of music theory ,
but only five survived. In one of his covenant, which
musiqa word used for the first time in Arabic, which
today means music in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, English
and several other languages in the Islamic world.
Al-Farabi (872-950) wrote a famous book on music
titled Kitab al-Kabir al-Musiqi (Great Books Music). His
pure Arabian tone system is still used in Arabic music.
Al-Ghazali (1059 - 1111) wrote a treatise on
the music of Persia , who declared, "Ecstasy
means the state that comes from listening
to music."
 In 1252, Safi al-Din developed a unique form
of musical notation , where the rhythm is
represented by the geometric
representation. A geometric representation
of the same will not appear in the Western
world until 1987, when Kjell Gustafson
published methods to represent the rhythm
as the two graphs dimensions.