Final Review Q’s 1. What did the Human Genome Project accomplish? 2. What cuts DNA? 3. What is produced on the ends of DNA when it is cut? 4. What is the name of the chart that shows family & their genetics? 5. When the alleles for a condition is located on the X chromosome this condition is considered to be __________________. 6. What makes two organisms different species? 7. Draw a graph that represents directional selection 8. There are birds on the island with a range in beak sizes. The food source for the middle beak size disappeared and so did those birds. what type of selection is represented in this scenario? 9. If an organism changes to become better suited for its environment then this organism has _____________________ 10. Charles Darwin said that evolution is a process that occurs through ______________ 11. Name 2 pieces of evidence that supports evolution. 12. Name 2 conditions needed for HardyWeinberg genetic equilibrium. 13. What part of an organism does natural selection act on? 14. What purpose do large antlers or bright feather serve for animals? 15. What kingdom do cilia, paramecium, & amoeba belong to? 16. The system for giving 2 names to a species is called ________________________ 17. What is the most diverse taxonomic classification? The most specific? 18.Put the following organisms in the correct sequence with arrows showing energy flow mouse, hawk, snake, grass 19. What type of organism are each of the following: - deer - algae - fox 20. In a biomass pyramid which type of organism would be at the bottom? 21. What is the name of a graph that shows the success of brine shrimp hatching in the different salinities? 22. What is the most inclusive level of organization in ecology? 23. List 2 abiotic factors & 2 biotic factors 24. What does the letter K represent in ecology? 25. What type of population growth occurs when there are limiting factors? 26. Increasing temperatures on Earth are due to energy from the sun being trapped in our atmosphere by which gas? 27. When barren soil gets taken over by small plants first then shrubs then large trees this is called _________________ 28. What are the 2 parts in the structure of a virus? 29. Bacteria that uses methane gas from hydrothermal vents are considered ______________________ 30. What role does a decomposer play in a ecosystem? 31. All protozoan habitats are characterized by the presence of ______________ 32. Plants with cones are classified as? 33. This is responsible for moving water through the plant. 34. What is the part of the water cycle that involves leaves loosing water? 35. In a two name classification system what does the first name represent?