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Erin Leege Chapter 2.3 New Centers of Civilization 1. What was the most significant cultural invention of the Phoenicians? The Phoenician culture is best known for their 22-sign alphabet. 2. What were some of the Phoenicians economic accomplishments? The Phoenicians produced a number of goods for foreign markets. They also built ships and became great sea traders. 3. Create a chart showing the significance of three major events in the history of the Israelites The United Kingdom Israel was united under King Solomon’s rule, which is when ancient Israel reached its height of power. The Divided Kingdom After King Solomon’s death Israel’s tribes separated into two separate kingdoms. The Chaldeans conquered the kingdom of Judah and destroyed Jerusalem. Later the Persians took over and allowed the people of Judah to return and rebuild Jerusalem. People survived after conquests of Alexander the Great and became Jews. The religion of Israel was unique because it was monotheistic. Jews would not accept the gods of their neighbors, which separated them and created feelings of hostility toward Jews. Judaism 1. How did the Jews religious beliefs make them different from other peoples of their time and place? Unlike other peoples of Southwest Asia Jews would not accept the gods of their neighbors or conquerors. The social separation that this endangered may have been a factor in creating feelings of hostility toward Jews but it also helped them maintain their identity after the loss of their Jewish Independence. 2. Explain the importance of Moses to Hebrew history and religion. Jews believe that during the exodus from Egypt when Moses led his people out of bondage, God made a covenant with them. God promised to protect them if they followed his Torah. The most famous laws in the Torah are the Ten Commandments that Moses is said to have received at Mount Sinai.