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Chapter 7
1. What is Judaism?
2. Who was Abraham
 The religion of the
 God told him to leave
Hebrews, it is the world’s
oldest monotheistic
Mesopotamia with his
family and head west
and he settled in Canaan
3. Who was Moses
4. What is the Exodus
 God told Moses to lead
 A major event in Jewish
the Israelites out of
Egypt because his people
were slaves, the pharaoh
said no, then came
terrible plagues to Egypt,
forcing the pharaoh to
release the Israelites
history, when Moses led
his people out of Egypt,
they believed they were
freed because of God’s
love for them
5. What are the Ten
The Ten
 God gave Moses a code
 1. Do not take the Lords name in
of moral laws, this is
what they were named
2. Remember the Sabbath day and
keep it Holy
3. Honor your father and mother
4. Shall not murder
5. shall not commit adultery
6. Shall not steal
7. Shall not bear false witness
8. Shall not covet your neighbor’s
9. Shall not covet your neighbors
10. Shall not have a god before Him
6. What did King David
 He killed a giant
(Goliath) and King Saul
liked him
 He was admired for his
military skills and as a
poet, he was well loved
 He defeated the
Philistines and
established the capital of
Israel in Jerusalem
7. What did King
Solomon do?
 Was David’s son and was also a
strong king
 Made Egypt and Phoenicia his
 Made Israel very rich
 Created a Temple to God in
8. Explain the dispersal
of the Jews
9. How did Roman rule
affect Jewish society?
 The Chaldeans marched
 The Romans forced the
the Jews out of Jerusalem
and took them on as slaves,
but once the Persians
defeated the Chaldeans the
Jewish people were freed
and could go back to
Jerusalem, but most people
did not return there
Jews to worship the
Roman Emperor and
they had no respect for
the Jewish religion
10. What was life like for
most Israelite women?
 Their husbands were
chosen by their fathers,
but she could not be
forced in to marriage
 Some women were
political and military
 Take care of their family
11. Define monotheistic
12. Explain Jewish ideas
on education
 Belief in only one god
 Children learn the basics
of Judaism
 Boys study with
professional teachers to
learn their religion
 Central to Jewish life
13. What are Jewish thoughts on
justice and righteousness?
14. What are some of Judaism’s
religious and moral laws?
 Justice means kindness
 God gave them moral
and fairness in dealing
with other people
Everyone deserves justice
They are to give aid to
those who need it (the
poor, sick and orphans)
Fair in business dealings
Important to behave
properly, even if others are
laws to follow
 The Ten commandments
are the most important
laws to live by
 Mosaic Laws~ from
Moses, govern praying,
cant work on Saturday
(Sabbath Day)
15. Define Torah
16. Define Synagogue
 The most sacred text of
 Jewish house of worship
17. What are prophets?
18. Define Talmud
 People who are said to
 A set of commentaries
receive messages from
God to be taught to
and lessons for everyday
life, they were produced
between 200 and 600
19. Define Dead Sea
20. How have Jewish ideas
helped shape modern laws?
 It explains more Jewish
 Some modern laws are
beliefs, they were
writings by Jews who
lived about 2,000 years
based on the laws set
forth in the Ten
Commandments and in
other Jewish teachings
21. Define zealots
22. Describe the First
and Second Revolts
 The most rebellious
 The First Revolt in 66 A.D.
group of Jews that
wanted to regain their
independence from the
Romans, and they
formed a revolt in 66
against the Romans, many
Jews were killed and
Romans took the
remaining Jews to be slaves
 The Second Revolt, the
Jews were tired of Roman
rule and they revolted,
however they were
defeated by the Romans
and Rome forced all Jews
out of Jerusalem
23. Define rabbis
24. Why did the Romans force
Jews out of Jerusalem?
 The Jewish religious
 They were mad at the
 They are responsible for
interpreting the Torah
and other Jewish
Jews for rebelling two
times against the
25. What were the two main
Jewish cultural traditions?
 1. The “Ashkenazim”,
these are the Jews who
moved to France,
Germany and Eastern
Europe and speak
 2. The “Sephardim” these
are Jews who moved to
Spain and Portugal and
speak Ladino
26. Describe Hanukkah
 Falls in December
 Honors the rededication of the
Second Temple during the revolt of
the Maccabees
 The Maccabees only had enough oil
to burn for one day during their
celebration, but miraculously it
burned for eight days
 To celebrate this, Jews light a
menorah with eight branches that
they light on every night for eight
 They exchange gifts on these nights
27. Define Passover
28. Explain the High
Holy Days
 This is a time for Jews to
 The two most sacred of all
remember the Exodus (the
journey of the Israelites
out of slavery in Egypt)
 They eat “matzo” (flat,
unrisen bread)
 A meal called “sedar”
where participants recall
and reflect upon the events
of the Exodus
Jewish holy days
 In either September or
 The first is “Rosh
Hashanah” (the new year
in the Jewish calendar)
 The second is “Yom
Kippor” (when Jews ask
God to forgive their sins,
they fast that day)