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 Major concept for the next 6 weeks
 Change creates struggles and achievements that led to
expansion and globalization.
 Focusing on European expansion 15th and 16th
centuries, Renaissance, Reformation, Rising Military
 Humans are exploring creatures
 Why explore?
 Wealth, fame, or thrill?
 As early at 1500 B.C. the Egyptians were making boats
of long, flat pieces of wood, powered by sails.
Greeks 1000 B.C. mastered the Mediterranean.
Vikings 8th-11th century terrorizing people.
It wont be until the late 1400’s that “explorers” actually
get some credit.
Europe is out of the “dark ages” and people are
becoming educated.
Willing to take risks to get ahead.
 In your groups I want you guys to jot down what you
think are the 5 most common jobs of today are.
 Retail - Total employment: 4,209,500
 Cashier - Total employment: 3,439,380
 Office Clerk - Total employment: 2,815,240
 Food prep - Total employment: 2,695,740
 Registered Nurse Total employment: 2,583,770
 Math was needed for ship building.
 Astronomy was needed for navigation and map
 Merchant to trade spices.
 Fisherman: They’re truly are a lot of fish in the sea.
 Explorer..lots of school…lots of luck…lots of begging
for money. But if you “discover” something new you
get all of this…
 Nice Ship
 So pivotal has his own era “pre- Columbian.”
 People reached America prior to Columbus.
 Columbus introduced two phenomena that
“revolutionized race relations and transformed the
modern world.”
1. Taking land, wealth, and labor from indigenous
2. Setting up the transatlantic slave trade, which would
lead to a racial underclass.
 Didn’t begin with slave ships crossing the Atlantic.
 Capturing enemies was an ancient practice not limited
to Africa.
 World wide.
 In 1200’s slavery was a major source for Muslim traders
from Arabia.
Buy them from rulers of East African city states.
Spread into South Asia.
Most of them women.
10,000 people forced into slavery a year.
Women slaves disrupted marriage patterns (birthrates
 1400’s Portugal
 First interested in gold in Ghana.
 Slavery came later
 Trading posts and small forts.
 Columbus and the new world.
 Spain began to explore the new world.
 Opened sugar plantations and
tobacco plantation.
 Europeans wanted someone else for
the job.
 First thought Natives.. but died from
 Looked to Africa.
 1532 start
 1630’s demanded for slave labor.
 Only 5% of slaves came to America.
 In North America cotton, tobacco, textiles,
and guns were exchanged for slaves.
 Around what time frame does exploration start to take
off? Why?
What was the purpose of exploration?
What were some famous jobs during the 1400’s?
Where did Columbus think he was?
Why would Columbus’s “discovery” of the new world
be significant in the years to come?
What was the purpose of the triangle trade?
 Christopher Columbus is often credited with
“discovering” America, although the land he
discovered was already inhabited. Imagine that you are
one of the Native Americans who was living in North
America when Columbus arrived. You later learn that
he has taken credit for the “discovery” of your home.
Write a response to his claim.