Download APWH Ch 26 - Marion County Public Schools

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Nationalism & Social Darwinism
After the Franco-Prussian War, all politicians tried to manipulate public opinion
to bolster their governments by using the press & public education to foster
nationalistic loyalties. In many countries, the dominant group used nationalism to
justify the imposition of its language, religion, or customs on minority
populations, as in the attempts of Russia to “Russify” its diverse ethnic
Herbert Spencer (1820–1903) & others took up Charles Darwin’s ideas of
natural selection & survival of the fittest & applied them to human societies to
justify European conquest of foreign nations & the social & gender hierarchies of
western society