Download APWH Ch 26 - Marion County Public Schools

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The Steel and Chemical Industries
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Steel is an especially hard & elastic form of iron that could be made only in
small quantities by skilled blacksmiths before the 18th century. A series of
inventions in the 18th & 19th centuries made it possible to produce large
quantities of steel at low cost
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Until the late 18th century, chemicals were also produced in small amounts
in small workshops. The 19th century brought large-scale manufacture of
chemicals & the invention of synthetic dyes & other new organic chemicals
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The complexity of industrial chemistry made it one of the first fields in
which science & technology interacted on a daily basis. This development
gave a great advantage to Germany! where government-funded research
& cooperation between universities & industries made the German chemical
& explosives industries the most advanced in the world by the end of the
19th century