* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR Mrs. Sanchez World History THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR • H-SS 6.4.6 • C.O.: I will be able to describe the events leading to the Peloponnesian war by writing a summary in my Cornell notes. • L.O.: I will tell my partner the big idea of the Peloponnesian war. • Do now: Share your pictures with your partners and describe the scene you have drawn • HW: Tell your parents the events leading to the Peloponnesian war and have them sign your CN/notebook ANCIENT GREECE WHAT HAPPENED BEFORE THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR? • Athens and Sparta are fighting the Persians to protect themselves from invasions. • The Athenians and Spartans are successful and defeat the Persians during the many battles known as the Persian wars. ATHENIANS VS. SPARTANS CAUSES OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR • Athens is a democracy • Sparta is an oligarchy • Both have won battles and want to take all the power they can get • Some Athenians move into other city-states RIVALS ARE FORMED Athens • Athens has built a strong naval empire • Delian League created near Athens Sparta • Already a Military state • Peloponnesian league created in Peloponnese (a peninsula) Sparta declares war on Athens SET UP YOUR CORNELL NOTES 1. What is the Delian League? 2. What is the Peloponnesian League? 3. Describe the Peloponnesian war. 4. What was the outcome of the war? THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE • The Delian League was formed by Athens and its allies • They met in the island of Delos • The league supported a democratic government • Athens was the most powerful in the league • The league was more of an Athenian empire • City-states were forced in and had to make money contributions for their navy • It was hard to get out of the League, at one point one city-state tried getting out and Athens made war on them. CORNELL NOTES – WRITE THIS IN YOUR NOTEBOOK 1. What was the Delian League? THE PELOPONNESIAN LEAGUE • Sparta formed an alliance with city states of the Peloponnesian peninsula • This league supported a oligarchic government • They tried to expand their rule over other city states • Athens placed a ban on trade with Mergara, a member of the Peloponnesian league and this angered Sparta • The both got ready for war CORNELL NOTES 2. What was the Peloponnesian league? THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR • Sparta marched in to Athens • The Spartans settled down for a siege (force them to surrender and cut off their food supply) • Athens resisted for a year and didn’t give in because they were prepared for this. • A plague broke out in Athens, thousands of people died and the Spartans left. BUT THE WAR CONTINUED • Athens fought the coastal cities and Sparta fought by land • They finally agreed to a truce and the war ended CORNELL NOTES 3. Describe the Peloponnesian war BUT IT DIDN’T LAST FOR LONG…. THERE THEY GO AGAIN • Athens launched a military invasion on Sicily • The Spartans helped the people of Sicily, and together they defeated Athens • Spartans attacked the Athenians at Helenspont • Spartans attacked the city state of Athens by cutting their resources. (Athens was not getting their food) • Athens surrendered their empire and gave up. OUTCOME OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR • Cities around Greece were destroyed • Governments fell apart • Trading dropped • Greece was divided by war and the citystates continued to fight each other CORNELL NOTES 4. What was the outcome of the war? SUMMARIZE • At the bottom of your Cornell notes, write a summary of the Peloponnesian war and what you learned from it.