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Transcript
THE PELOPONNESIAN
WAR
Mrs. Sanchez
World History
THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR
• H-SS 6.4.6
• C.O.: I will be able to describe the events leading to the
Peloponnesian war by writing a summary in my Cornell notes.
• L.O.: I will tell my partner the big idea of the Peloponnesian war.
• Do now: Share your pictures with your partners and describe the
scene you have drawn
• HW: Tell your parents the events leading to the Peloponnesian
war and have them sign your CN/notebook
ANCIENT GREECE
WHAT HAPPENED BEFORE THE
PELOPONNESIAN WAR?
• Athens and Sparta are fighting the
Persians to protect themselves from
invasions.
• The Athenians and Spartans are successful
and defeat the Persians during the many
battles known as the Persian wars.
ATHENIANS VS. SPARTANS
CAUSES OF THE
PELOPONNESIAN WAR
• Athens is a democracy
• Sparta is an oligarchy
• Both have won battles and want to take all the
power they can get
• Some Athenians move into other city-states
RIVALS ARE FORMED
Athens
• Athens has built a
strong naval empire
• Delian League created
near Athens
Sparta
• Already a Military state
• Peloponnesian league
created in Peloponnese
(a peninsula)
Sparta declares war on Athens
SET UP YOUR CORNELL NOTES
1. What is the Delian League?
2. What is the Peloponnesian League?
3. Describe the Peloponnesian war.
4. What was the outcome of the war?
THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE
• The Delian League was formed by Athens and its allies
• They met in the island of Delos
• The league supported a democratic government
• Athens was the most powerful in the league
• The league was more of an Athenian empire
• City-states were forced in and had to make money contributions
for their navy
• It was hard to get out of the League, at one point one city-state
tried getting out and Athens made war on them.
CORNELL NOTES – WRITE THIS IN YOUR
NOTEBOOK
1. What was the Delian League?
THE PELOPONNESIAN LEAGUE
• Sparta formed an alliance with city states of the
Peloponnesian peninsula
• This league supported a oligarchic government
• They tried to expand their rule over other city states
• Athens placed a ban on trade with Mergara, a member
of the Peloponnesian league and this angered Sparta
• The both got ready for war
CORNELL NOTES
2. What was the Peloponnesian league?
THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR
• Sparta marched in to Athens
• The Spartans settled down for a siege (force them to surrender and cut off their food
supply)
• Athens resisted for a year and didn’t give in because they were prepared for this.
• A plague broke out in Athens, thousands of people died and the Spartans left. BUT
THE WAR CONTINUED
• Athens fought the coastal cities and Sparta fought by land
• They finally agreed to a truce and the war ended
CORNELL NOTES
3. Describe the Peloponnesian war
BUT IT DIDN’T LAST
FOR LONG….
THERE THEY GO AGAIN
• Athens launched a military invasion on Sicily
• The Spartans helped the people of Sicily, and together they defeated
Athens
• Spartans attacked the Athenians at Helenspont
• Spartans attacked the city state of Athens by cutting their resources.
(Athens was not getting their food)
• Athens surrendered their empire and gave up.
OUTCOME OF THE PELOPONNESIAN
WAR
• Cities around Greece were destroyed
• Governments fell apart
• Trading dropped
• Greece was divided by war and the citystates continued to fight each other
CORNELL NOTES
4. What was the outcome of the war?
SUMMARIZE
• At the bottom of your Cornell notes, write a summary of
the Peloponnesian war and what you learned from it.