Station #1 Biochemistry and Enzymes 1. Create a chart that lists the 4 organic biomolecules, their monomers, and the function of each. 2. An infant is running an extremely high body temperature. The doctors are concerned because the high temperature may damage the enzymes in the young child. a. What would a high temperature do to the enzymes in the child? b. What is important about enzymes? Biology EOC Review Station #2 Cell Structure 1. Draw a picture of an animal cell and a picture of a plant cell. 2. Label the following structures on your cells: a. Nucleus b. Plasma membrane c. Cell wall d. Mitochondria e. Vacuoles f. Chloroplasts g. Ribosomes 3. Give the function of each structure labeled on your drawing. Biology EOC Review Station #3 Movement Across the Cell Membrane 1. Draw a picture of the plasma membrane. Label the phospholipids (heads and tails), membrane proteins, and cholesterol. 2. Create a concept map that uses the following terms: active transport, passive transport, needs proteins, uses energy, does not use energy, osmosis, diffusion, high to low, low to high, with concentration gradient, against concentration gradient. 3. Determine the direction of water movement (in relation to the body cells) for the following situations: a. A freshwater fish is placed in a saltwater fish tank b. A saltwater fish swims upstream to a freshwater lake Biology EOC Review Station #4 Bioenergetic Reactions 1. Create a diagram that shows the exchange of energy between the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration (HINT: this should be a carbon cycle drawing). Include the reactions of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in your diagram. 2. What would you predict would happen if a virus invaded the chloroplasts of a plant cell? 3. Contrast aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. 4. How is chemosynthesis a beneficial process to an organism that lives at the bottom of the ocean? Biology EOC Review Station #5 DNA Structure and Function Write the DNA template below, then create the molecules asked for in the questions below. ATCCAGAATACAGGA 1. What is the DNA complement for this strand? 2. Convert the DNA template into an mRNA strand. a. What is different about the mRNA strand (as compared to the DNA template)? b. What process does this step exemplify? 3. What might happen to the end product (protein) if a mutation occurred on the DNA template or at any step in the conversion process? 4. Create a flow chart using the following terms: Nucleic acids, DNA, RNA, double helix, deoxyribose, ribose, single stranded, has thymine as a base, has uracil as a base, nucleotides, found in the nucleus, found in the ribosome, makes a protein Biology EOC Review Station #6 Cellular Reproduction 1. Create a flow chart using the following terms: mitosis, meiosis, body cell, starts diploid (used twice), ends diploid, ends haploid, gametes, has crossing over, chromosome number in daughter cells is the same, chromosome number in the daughter cells is halved, two cells are produced, four cells are produced. 2. How do mitosis and meiosis differ? Biology EOC Review Station #7 Genetics 1. In pea plants, tall plants are dominant to short plants. If two heterozygous tall plants are crossed, what percent of the offspring will probably be short? Biology EOC Review Station #7 Genetics 2. The female in the second generation must beA. normal because her daughter is normal B. normal because the majority of her children are normal C. colorblind because her mother was a carrier D. a carrier because one of her sons is colorblind Biology EOC Review Station #7 Genetics 3. The most common form of human albinism is determined by homozygosity for the recessive allele, a. A normally pigmented man and woman, each of whom has an albino parent, are married. If this couple has a children, what is the probability that they will have an albino child? (complete punnett square on separate sheet of paper) Biology EOC Review Station #7 Genetics 3. The most common form of human albinism is determined by homozygosity for the recessive allele, a. A normally pigmented man and woman, each of whom has an albino parent, are married. If this couple has a children, what is the probability(%) that they will have an albino child? (complete a punnett square on separate sheet of paper) Biology EOC Review Station #7 Genetics 4. Using the karyotype above, determine the genetic disorder and sex of this individual Biology EOC Review Station #7 Genetics 5. Which baby could not be the child of parents who both have AB blood? Frank Genotype: IAIA Fred IBIB Biology EOC Review Floyd ii Fritz IAIB Station #7 Genetics 6. The gene for tallness (T) is dominant over the gene for shortness (t) in pea plants. A homozygous dominant pea plant is crossed with a heterozygous pea plant, and 200 seeds are produced. Approximately how many of these seeds can be expected to produce plants that are homozygous dominant? Biology EOC Review Station #7 Genetics 6. In 1910, Thomas Morgan discovered traits linked to sex chromosomes in the fruit fly. The Punnett square above shows the cross between red-eyed females and white-eyed males. Fruit flies usually have red eyes. If a female and male offspring from the cross below are allowed to mate, what would the offspring probably look like? (make a new punnett square) A. 2 red-eyed females; 2 white-eyed males B. 2 red-eyed females; 1 red-eyed male, 1 whiteeyed male C. 1 red-eyed female and 1 white-eyed female; 2 red-eyed males D. 2 white-eyed females; 1 white-eyed male and 1 red-eyed male. Biology EOC Review Station #8 What Did I Do? What contribution did each of the following people make to the study of biology? 1. Gregor Mendel 2. James Watson and Francis Crick (and Rosalind Franklin) 3. Charles Drew 4. Charles Darwin 5. Louis Pasteur 6. Carolus Linnaeus 7. Jane Goodall 8. Robert Hooke Biology EOC Review Station #9 Diagnose Me Identify the inheritance pattern for each of the following disorders (simple dominant, recessive, sex linked, etc.) and describe a symptom indicative of each. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. sickle cell anemia colorblindness cystic fibrosis hemophilia Down syndrome (trisomy 21) Huntington’s disease Biology EOC Review Station #10 Natural Selection, Evolution, & Classification 1. Distinguish between the following terms: a. Reproductive isolation b. Geographic isolation c. Convergent evolution d. Divergent evolution e. Adaptive radiation 2. How can DNA analysis help scientists determine if two species are related? 3. Create a flow chart that distinguishes between the five kingdoms of living things. 4. How is binomial nomenclature useful to a scientist? 5. Using the cladogram, determine which organism is the most primitive and which organism is the most recently evolved. Biology EOC Review Station #10 Dichotomous key I. A. B. J. C. H. G. D. E. F. I. Biology EOC Review Station #11 Ecology 1. Use the food web to: a. Identify the autotroph. What is another word that means the same thing? b. Identify three primary consumers. c. Identify two secondary consumers. d. Identify a tertiary consumer. e. List a decomposer that should be shown on the food web. f. Would you find this food web in a terrestrial or aquatic ecosystem? Biology EOC Review Station #11 Ecology 2. Use the following terms to create a flow chart: symbiotic relationship host benefits host is harmed host is neither harmed nor helped organism benefits (used three times) parasitism mutualism commensalism tick on you bird nest in a tree bacteria in your stomach Biology EOC Review Station #11 Ecology 3. Label the following terms on the graph below a. Slow population growth (used twice) b. Rapid (exponential) population growth c. Carrying capacity Biology EOC Review Station #11 Ecology 4. Which graph below indicates a country that has a stable population? Which country has rapid growth? Biology EOC Review Station #12 Behavior 1. How can the following behaviors enable a species to survive better? a. b. c. d. e. f. Mimicry Camouflage Phototaxis / Phototropism Migration Estivation Hibernation 2. How are innate behaviors different from learned behaviors? Biology EOC Review Station #13 Scientific Method Elodea, a water plant commonly found in aquariums, gives off bubbles of oxygen when placed in bright light. Students in a biology class noted that if a light were placed at different distances from the plant in an aquarium, the rate of bubble production varied. The following data table shows the average results from several trials. Elodea Bubble Production Distance from Light (cm) Bubble Production Rate (bubbles/min) 10 40 20 20 30 10 40 7 50 3 Biology EOC Review Questions 1. Identify the independent and dependent variables. 2. Estimate the O2 production at 25 cm. 3. At 35 cm? 4. What process is happening to produce the oxygen bubbles? 5. Identify a control for this experiment.