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Transcript
Station #1
Biochemistry and Enzymes
1. Create a chart that lists the 4 organic biomolecules, their monomers, and the
function of each.
2. An infant is running an extremely high body temperature. The doctors are
concerned because the high temperature may damage the enzymes in the
young child.
a. What would a high temperature do to the enzymes in the child?
b. What is important about enzymes?
Biology EOC Review
Station #2
Cell Structure
1. Draw a picture of an animal cell and a picture of a plant cell.
2. Label the following structures on your cells:
a. Nucleus
b. Plasma membrane
c. Cell wall
d. Mitochondria
e. Vacuoles
f. Chloroplasts
g. Ribosomes
3. Give the function of each structure labeled on your drawing.
Biology EOC Review
Station #3
Movement Across the Cell Membrane
1. Draw a picture of the plasma membrane. Label the phospholipids (heads and
tails), membrane proteins, and cholesterol.
2. Create a concept map that uses the following terms: active transport,
passive transport, needs proteins, uses energy, does not use energy, osmosis,
diffusion, high to low, low to high, with concentration gradient, against
concentration gradient.
3. Determine the direction of water movement (in relation to the body cells)
for the following situations:
a. A freshwater fish is placed in a saltwater fish tank
b. A saltwater fish swims upstream to a freshwater lake
Biology EOC Review
Station #4
Bioenergetic Reactions
1. Create a diagram that shows the exchange of energy between the processes
of photosynthesis and cellular respiration (HINT: this should be a carbon
cycle drawing). Include the reactions of photosynthesis and cellular
respiration in your diagram.
2. What would you predict would happen if a virus invaded the chloroplasts of a
plant cell?
3. Contrast aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration.
4. How is chemosynthesis a beneficial process to an organism that lives at the
bottom of the ocean?
Biology EOC Review
Station #5
DNA Structure and Function
Write the DNA template below, then create the molecules asked for in the
questions below.
ATCCAGAATACAGGA
1. What is the DNA complement for this strand?
2. Convert the DNA template into an mRNA strand.
a. What is different about the mRNA strand (as compared to the DNA
template)?
b. What process does this step exemplify?
3. What might happen to the end product (protein) if a mutation occurred on
the DNA template or at any step in the conversion process?
4. Create a flow chart using the following terms: Nucleic acids, DNA, RNA,
double helix, deoxyribose, ribose, single stranded, has thymine as a base, has
uracil as a base, nucleotides, found in the nucleus, found in the ribosome,
makes a protein
Biology EOC Review
Station #6
Cellular Reproduction
1. Create a flow chart using the following terms: mitosis, meiosis, body cell,
starts diploid (used twice), ends diploid, ends haploid, gametes, has crossing
over, chromosome number in daughter cells is the same, chromosome
number in the daughter cells is halved, two cells are produced, four cells are
produced.
2. How do mitosis and meiosis differ?
Biology EOC Review
Station #7
Genetics
1. In pea plants, tall plants are dominant to short plants. If two heterozygous
tall plants are crossed, what percent of the offspring will probably be short?
Biology EOC Review
Station #7
Genetics
2. The female in the second generation must beA. normal because her daughter is normal
B. normal because the majority of her children are normal
C. colorblind because her mother was a carrier
D. a carrier because one of her sons is colorblind
Biology EOC Review
Station #7
Genetics
3. The most common form of human albinism is determined by homozygosity for
the recessive allele, a. A normally pigmented man and woman, each of
whom has an albino parent, are married. If this couple has a children, what is
the probability that they will have an albino child? (complete punnett square
on separate sheet of paper)
Biology EOC Review
Station #7
Genetics
3. The most common form of human albinism is determined by homozygosity for
the recessive allele, a. A normally pigmented man and woman, each of
whom has an albino parent, are married. If this couple has a children, what is
the probability(%) that they will have an albino child?
(complete a punnett square on separate sheet of paper)
Biology EOC Review
Station #7
Genetics
4. Using the karyotype above, determine the genetic disorder and sex of this
individual
Biology EOC Review
Station #7
Genetics
5. Which baby could not be the child of parents who both have AB blood?
Frank
Genotype: IAIA
Fred
IBIB
Biology EOC Review
Floyd
ii
Fritz
IAIB
Station #7
Genetics
6. The gene for tallness (T) is dominant over the gene for shortness (t) in pea
plants. A homozygous dominant pea plant is crossed with a heterozygous pea
plant, and 200 seeds are produced. Approximately how many of these seeds
can be expected to produce plants that are homozygous dominant?
Biology EOC Review
Station #7
Genetics
6. In 1910, Thomas Morgan discovered traits linked to sex chromosomes in the
fruit fly. The Punnett square above shows the cross between red-eyed
females and white-eyed males. Fruit flies usually have red eyes. If a female
and male offspring from the cross below are allowed to mate, what would
the offspring probably look like? (make a new punnett square)
A. 2 red-eyed females; 2
white-eyed males
B. 2 red-eyed females; 1
red-eyed male, 1 whiteeyed male
C. 1 red-eyed female and
1 white-eyed female; 2
red-eyed males
D. 2 white-eyed females; 1
white-eyed male and 1
red-eyed male.
Biology EOC Review
Station #8
What Did I Do?
What contribution did each of the following people make
to the study of biology?
1. Gregor Mendel
2. James Watson and Francis Crick (and Rosalind Franklin)
3. Charles Drew
4. Charles Darwin
5. Louis Pasteur
6. Carolus Linnaeus
7. Jane Goodall
8. Robert Hooke
Biology EOC Review
Station #9
Diagnose Me
Identify the inheritance pattern for each of the following disorders (simple
dominant, recessive, sex linked, etc.) and describe a symptom indicative of
each.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
sickle cell anemia
colorblindness
cystic fibrosis
hemophilia
Down syndrome (trisomy 21)
Huntington’s disease
Biology EOC Review
Station #10
Natural Selection, Evolution, & Classification
1. Distinguish between the following terms:
a. Reproductive isolation
b. Geographic isolation
c. Convergent evolution
d. Divergent evolution
e. Adaptive radiation
2. How can DNA analysis help scientists
determine if two species are related?
3. Create a flow chart that distinguishes
between the five kingdoms of living
things.
4. How is binomial nomenclature useful to a
scientist?
5. Using the cladogram, determine which
organism is the most primitive and which
organism is the most recently evolved.
Biology EOC Review
Station #10
Dichotomous key
I.
A.
B.
J.
C.
H.
G.
D.
E.
F.
I.
Biology EOC Review
Station #11
Ecology
1. Use the food web to:
a. Identify the autotroph. What is
another word that means the same
thing?
b. Identify three primary consumers.
c. Identify two secondary consumers.
d. Identify a tertiary consumer.
e. List a decomposer that should be
shown on the food web.
f. Would you find this food web in a
terrestrial or aquatic ecosystem?
Biology EOC Review
Station #11
Ecology
2. Use the following terms to create a flow chart:
symbiotic relationship
host benefits
host is harmed
host is neither harmed nor helped
organism benefits (used three times)
parasitism
mutualism
commensalism
tick on you
bird nest in a tree
bacteria in your stomach
Biology EOC Review
Station #11
Ecology
3. Label the following terms on the graph below
a. Slow population growth (used twice)
b. Rapid (exponential) population growth
c. Carrying capacity
Biology EOC Review
Station #11
Ecology
4. Which graph below indicates a country that has a stable population?
Which country has rapid growth?
Biology EOC Review
Station #12
Behavior
1. How can the following behaviors enable a species to survive better?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
Mimicry
Camouflage
Phototaxis / Phototropism
Migration
Estivation
Hibernation
2. How are innate behaviors different from learned behaviors?
Biology EOC Review
Station #13
Scientific Method
Elodea, a water plant commonly found in aquariums, gives off bubbles of oxygen
when placed in bright light. Students in a biology class noted that if a light
were placed at different distances from the plant in an aquarium, the rate of
bubble production varied. The following data table shows the average results
from several trials.
Elodea Bubble Production
Distance from
Light
(cm)
Bubble
Production Rate
(bubbles/min)
10
40
20
20
30
10
40
7
50
3
Biology EOC Review
Questions
1. Identify the independent
and dependent variables.
2. Estimate the O2 production
at 25 cm.
3. At 35 cm?
4. What process is happening
to produce the oxygen
bubbles?
5. Identify a control for this
experiment.