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Transcript
AP US History
Unit 6: Civil War and Reconstruction
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April 12, 1861
South Carolina
Lincoln sends supplies
to the arsenal with US
Navy.
South Carolina sees
this as a threat and
bombards fort for 34
hours.
South takes the fort.
Lincoln responds by
calling for 75,000
troops.
The Civil War begins….
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July 21, 1861
Manassas, Va.
Union: McDowell
Confederacy:
Beauregard/Jackson
The arrival of
Confederate
reinforcements helps
the South cause a
Union retreat.
Southern victory sends
a message to the North
that this will not be a
short and easy war.
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March 9, 1862
Hampton Roads, Va.
Union: “Monitor”
Confederacy:
“Merimack” or
“Virginia”.
Fights to a draw.
This ended the threat
of the Confederacy
breaking the Union
blockade of southern
ports.
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Spring, 1862/ June 26-July 2,
1862
James and York Rivers en route
to Richmond.
Union: McClellan
Confederacy: Jackson/Lee
McClellan slow to move.
Overcautious without
reinforcements (they were
never received) He never
invaded Richmond.
The Seven Days battle was
Lee’s counter attack which
pushed the Union back for a
victory for the South.
Richmond was successfully
defended.
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August 29-30, 1862
Manassas, Va.
Union: John Pope
Confederates: Lee
Southern victory
provides Lee with
confidence to move on
Border State Maryland.
Lee and Confederates
abandon original battle
plan.
What were they hoping
for?
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September 17, 1862
Antietam Creek, Md.
Union: McClellan
Confederates: Lee
Union finds Lee’s battle plans
and stop the Confederate’s
advancement.
The wars turning point.
The bloodiest single day battle
of the war.
Union “victory” gives Lincoln
the needed momentum to
deliver the Emancipation
Proclamation.
This changes the character of
the war to more of a moral
crusade.
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July 1-3, 1863
Gettysburg, Pa.
Union: George Meade
Confederates: Lee/Pickett
92,000 Union vs. 76,000
Confederate
Union victory during “Pickett’s
Charge”
This was the last chance for a
Southern victory.
This was the northernmost
advancement for the
Confederacy in all of the war.
Broke the back and will of the
Confederates.
Lincoln delivers Gettysburg
address.
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July 4, 1863
Vicksburg, Ms.
Union: Grant
Confederates: John
Pemberton
Grant and Union lay
siege to the city of
Vicksburg
The Union victory
gives them control
over the Mississippi
River.
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September, 1864
Atlanta and Savanna,
Georgia
Union: William
Tecumseh Sherman
“Total War”
Destruction of
Georgia’s economy
Burning of cities,
homes, crops, cattle,
and derailing of RR.
Weakened morale of
Confederate soldiers
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May-June 1864
Northern Virginia
Grant’s offensive
maneuvering against Lee
to get closer to
Richmond.
Both sides suffered heavy
losses.
Although the Union lost
more men, the
Confederates couldn’t
replenish and were
surrounded at Richmond.
Leads to the siege and
take over of Richmond.
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April, 1865
Appomattox, Va.
Union: Grant
Confederates: Lee
Lee surrenders to
Grant ending the
Civil War.
“There is nothing left
for me to do, but to
go and see General
Grant and I would
rather die a thousand
deaths.”

Robert E. Lee

Thomas Jonathan
“Stonewall” Jackson

George Pickett

Pierre Gustave
Toutant de
Beauregard

Ulysses S Grant

George McClellan
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William Sherman

George Meade