Download Civil War Turning Points- Antietam, Gettysburg, and The

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McClellan’s Peninsular Campaign fails and the Union does
not take Richmond
 John Pope attacks the Confederacy in the Battle of Second
Bull Run and loses
 Lee attacks North to get supplies and put pressure on Union
Lee’s army squares off with McClellan at Antietam Creek in
the bloodiest day of the Civil War
McClellan had Lee’s orders but waited too long to attack
The battle ended with over 23,000 casualties (more than all
other previous American wars combined)
It was a tactical draw but turns out to be a Union victory
McClellan doesn’t attack and allows Lee to regroup
McClellan is fired by Lincoln and replaced by Ambrose
After the Battle of Antietam Lincoln has to
decide whether or not to issue the
Emancipation Proclamation
As his advisor, should he issue the
Emancipation Proclamation at this time?
Provide some positive and negative
consequences with your advice
Order by President Lincoln as Commander in
Chief that all slaves in areas of rebellion were
free (nearly 4 million slaves)
Positives for the Union- moral advantage,
kept Great Britain out of the war, unified and
energized the North, encouraged African
American enlistment, created desperation
with the Confederacy
The year starts bad for the Union with defeats at
Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville
Also starts bad for Stonewall Jackson since he dies (shot by
own soldier, arm amputated, dropped, and catches
Lee decides to invade North again
Needed supplies and food
Hoped to panic Lincoln into moving troops from Vicksburg
Wanted to show Europe that South could win
Hoped to make Lincoln look bad so the Peace Democrats
could win in 1864 election
Started by the Confederates foraging for
The Union and George Meade assumed the
fortified high ground positions
Lee could not break the Union lines
Pickett’s Charge resulted in nearly 12,000
casualties (over 50,000 total at Gettysburg)
Big Union victory but Meade does not
pursue!!- could have ended war
Watch this amazing clip on Pickett’s Charge.
Grants Army finalized complete control of the
Mississippi for the Union
Laid siege to Vicksburg for 6 weeks until the
Achieved victory 1 day after Gettysburg
Vicksburg refused to celebrate independence
until 1941
Huge morale boost for Union
Demoralized the South
No more Northern invasions for the South
Led to final stages of the war