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Transcript
[Cardiovascular
6.
February
24, 2016
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems
EXERCISE 6 – 1 Build surgical terms for the following definitions by using the word parts
which have been learned.
1. excision of the thickened
interior of an artery
P
WR
2. surgical fixation of the spleen
WR
CV
3. suturing of a blood vessel
S
S
WR
4. incision into a vein
S
WR
S
5. excision of the thymus gland
WR
6. creation of an artificial
opening in the outer layer of the heart
P
S
WR
S
7. surgical repair of a blood vessel
WR
CV
8. excision of a spleen
WR
S
9. excision of a vein
WR
S
S
EXERCISE 6-2 Fill in the blanks with the correct terms.
1. Surgical excision of hemorrhoids is called a(n)
.
2. The surgical method of tying off a varicosed vein and removing it is
called
.
3. The procedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel to flatten
plaque against the vessel wall when the balloon is inflated is called
4. To regulate the heart rate, the physician may insert a(n)
under
.
[Cardiovascular
February
24, 2016
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
the patients' skin.
5. A mitral
is the name of the surgery performed to repair
a stenosed mitral valve.
6. The surgery performed to detour blood around a blocked artery so that a
new blood supply can be given to heart muscles is called
7.The surgical excision of an aneurysm is called a(n)
8. A(n)
.
.
is the name of the surgery performed to establish an alternate
route from femoral artery to popliteal artery to bypass obstructive portion.
9.
is the name of the procedure to open blocked arteries with a
laser beam.
10. An injection of a medication into a blocked coronary coronary vessel
to dissolve blood clots is called
11.
therapy.
is the application of electric shock to the myocardium
through the chest wall to restore cardiac rhythm.
12.
is a procedure to transfuse bone marrow cells to recipient
from donor with matching tissue and cells.
13.
is the surgical removal of embolus or clot.
EXERCISE 6- 3 Match the first column with the correct definitions in the second column one.
1.
aneurysmectomy
a.
2. coronary artery
bypass
pressing plaque against a blood vessel wall
by inflating a balloon passed through the graft
blood vessel
3.
femoropopliteal bypass
b.
tying off and removal of a varicose vein
4.
hemorrhoidectomy
c.
application of electric shock to
5.
cardiac pacemaker
myocardium through chest wall to restore
6.
mitral commissurotomy
cardiac rhythm
7.
percutaneous
transluminal coronary
d.
apparatus implanted under the skin to
regulate heart beat
[Cardiovascular
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
February
24, 2016
8.
vein ligation and
stripping
e.
procedure performed to open blocked
arteries using a laser beam
9.
defibrillation
f.
diverts blood past a blocked artery in the heart
10. laser angioplasty
g.
use of a medication to dissolve blood clots
in blocked coronary vessel
11. bone marrow transplant
h.
excision of a weakened ballooning blood
vessel wall
12. intracoronary
thrombolytic therapy
i.
normal bone marrow cells infused from
donor with matching tissues and cells into
recipient with leukemia
13. embolectomy
j.
surgical removal of an embolus
k.
surgical procedure to establish an alternate
route from femoral artery to popliteal
artery to bypass obstructive portion
I.
surgical excision of varicose veins in the
rectal area
m.
surgical procedure to break apart the
leaves of the mitral valve
n.
surgical removal of a thickened artery
EXERCISE 6 – 4 Build diagnostic procedural terms for the following definitions by using
the word parts it’s expected that studenthave learned.
For example : instrument used to record the electrical activity of the heart
WR
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
CV
WR
CV
S
instrument used to record the electrical activity of the heart
instrument used to listen to chest sounds
x-ray film of an artery (taken after an injection of contrast medium)
x-ray film of the veins(taken after an injection of contrast medium)
process of making an x-ray film of a blood vessel
record of the electrical activity of the heart
record made of the structure and motion of the heart using sound waves
[Cardiovascular
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
February
24, 2016
graphic record of heart sounds
instrument used to measure pulse waves and heart beat
x-ray film of the aorta (taken after an injection of contrast medium)
process of recording the electrical activity of the heart
separated blood (volume percentage of erythrocytes in whole blood after
separation by centrifuge)
x-ray film of lymphatic vessels
white blood cell count(number of cells per cubic millimeter of blood)
process of x-ray filming the lymph nodes and glands
red blood cell count (number of cells per cubic millimeter of blood)
process of x-ray filming the lymphatic vessels
instrument used to visually examine a blood vessel
process of x-ray filming a vein
visual examination of a blood vessel
EXERCISE 6 – 5 Fill in the blanks with the correct terms.
1.
2.
A device for measuring blood pressure is called a (n)
.
is the name of the blood test that determines the time
it takes for blood to form a clot.
3.
A test, performed to diagnose coronary artery disease, in which the
patient while an EXERCISE cardiogram is recorded is a (n)
test.
is the name of a basic blood-screening test.
the name of the study in which ultrasound is used to determine the
velocity of flow of blood within vessels is called
.
4.
5.
6.
two-dimensional photographic representation of the heart taken after
the introduction of radioactive material is called a (n)
.
7.
is the name given to a procedure performed to determine
certain blood diseases, such as leukemia.
8.
A blood test performed to determine certain coagulation defects and
to monitor anticoagulation therapy is called
.
9.
is the name given to a procedure in which a
catheter is introduced into the heart to determine pathology in the
heart or its vessels.
10.
11.
The oxygen-carrying component in the red blood cells is called
A
measures venous flow to the limbs.
.
[Cardiovascular
February
24, 2016
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
EXERCISE 6- 6 Match the terms in the first column with the correct definitions in the
second column.
1.
cardiac catheterization
a. device used for measuring
arterial blood pressure
2.
cardiac scan
b. test during which an EXERCISE
electrocardiogram is made
3.
complete blood count
c. test to determine certain coagulation
activity defects
4.
coagulation time
d. passage of a tube into the heart to
determine disease within the heart
5.
hemoglobin
e. two-dimensional photograph of heart
6.
doppler flow studies
f. measures venous flow to the limbs
7.
prothrombin time
g. responsible for the red color of blood
8.
sphygmomanometer
h. basic blood screening test
9.
bone marrow biopsy
i. determines the time it takes for blood to
clot
10.
treadmill stress test
j. study in which ultrasound is used to
determine the velocityof the flow
of blood within vessels
11.
impedance plethysmography
k. performed to determine certain
blood cell diseases, such as leukemia
l. test to determine the number of
red blood cells
Exercise 6- 7 Read each statement, then indicate whether you think it is true or
false.
Statement
True False
1.
2.
3.
The term for inflammation of the pericardium is valvulitis.
Atriomegaly is enlargement of an atrium.
MI is the abbreviation that stands for an abnormally rapid heartbeat.
___
___
___
___
___
___
from
[Cardiovascular
4.
5.
6.
7.
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeat.
Cardiotomy is the surgical repair of an atrial septum.
Softening of the heart is termed cardiomalacia.
A myocardiograph is used to examine a heart ventricle.
Cardiorrhaphy is a surgical repair of a heart valve.
February
24, 2016
___
___
___
___
___
8.
9. The surgical procedure that involves engaging the latissimus dorsi muscle ___
to stimulate the heart is a pericardiotomy.
10. Arrhythmia is the general term for an irregular heartbeat.
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
Exercise 6-8 Place the letter of the definition in the right column in the space next
to the matching term in the left column.
Term
Definition
1. ______ myocardial infarction
2. ______ aortic semilunar valve
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
A. a separation between the two ventricles of the heart
B. inflammation of the pericardium (the serous
membrane lining the pericardial cavity)
______ intraventricular septum C. the heart muscle, which includes the nerves and blood
vessels
______ endocardium
D. the valve leading from the right atrium to the right
ventricle
______ left ventricle
E. the serous membrane forming the outer lining of the
heart
______ cardiologist
F. the heart's inner surface
______ myocardium
G. a heart specialist
______ epicardium
H. heart attack
______ pericarditis
J. the heart chamber responsible for pumping
oxygenated blood out to the body
______ right atrioventricular
K. the valve leading out of the left ventricle
(tricuspid) valve
______ troponin
L. enlargement of the heart
______ septum
M. coronary artery disease, which refers to narrowing
and/or blockages of the heart muscle
______ cardiomegaly
N. a heart rate less than 60 beats per minute
______ tachycardia
O. a protein released into the blood-stream when an MI
occurs
______ stenosis
P. disease of the heart muscle
______ CAD
Q. a thin wall that separates cavities or masses
______ atrioseptoplasty
R. a heart rate over 100 beats per minute
______ cardiomyopathy
S. sudden cessation of heart activity, not necessarily a
[Cardiovascular
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
19. ______ bradycardia
20. ______ cardiac arrest
February
24, 2016
result of MI
T. surgical repair of an atrial septum
U. a narrowing and/or blockage
Exercise 6-9 Place the letter of the definition in the right column in the space next to the
matching term in the left column.
Noun
Definition
1. _____ hemoglobin
A. carries blood back to the heart
2. _____ arteriole
B. the smallest but most numerous of the blood vessels, responsible
for transferring nutrients directly to the cells
3. _____ erythrocytes
C. the blood plasma proteins that are also known as antibodies
4. _____ capillary
D. contains muscle tissue and carries blood away from the heart
5. _____ leukocytes
E. the protein that gives blood its red color
6. _____ platelets
F. a large venous vessel that drains blood from the upper body to be
transported to the heart
7. _____ immunoglobulin G. red blood cells
8. _____ vein
H. the smallest of the arteries, connecting with the capillaries
9. _____ superior vena
J. white blood cells
cava (SVC)
10._____ artery
K. a formed element found in whole blood, which is important in the
coagulation process
11._____ angiostenosis
L. surgical repair of a blood vessel
12._____ vasculopathy
M.discharge of blood
13._____ aneurysm
N. a congenital disorder affecting the coagulation process, causing
excessive bleeding
14._____ angioplasty
O. “hardening” of the arteries
15._____ HDL
P. the narrowing of a blood vessel
16._____ angiography
Q. a bulge in an artery or a heart chamber
17._____ LDL
R. radiography of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium
18._____ arteriosclerosis S. any disease of the blood vessels
19._____ hemorrhage
T. “good cholesterol”; picks up “dead” cholesterol from cells and
removes it
20._____ hemophilia
U. “bad cholesterol”; delivers cholesterol to the body
Exercise 6-10 Read each statement, then indicate whether you think it is true or false.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Statement
True
A vein that connects brachiocephalic veins with the superior vena cava is the renal ___
vein.
Conducting arteries are the largest of the arteries and nearest the heart.
___
Vasoparalysis is the paralysis of blood vessels.
___
Vasculitis is any disease of blood vessels.
___
Hemopathy is any disease of the blood.
___
Erythrocytes are white blood cells.
___
False
___
___
___
___
___
___
[Cardiovascular
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
February
24, 2016
7. The vein in the neck that runs alongside the common carotid artery is the vertebral ___
vein.
8. Lumbar veins are in the kidneys.
___
9. The great cerebral vein is in the cranium.
___
10.The three main blood plasma proteins include the femorals, globulins, and
___
albumins.
___
___
___
___
Exercise 6-11 Choosing from Options
Choose the term in the right column that correctly completes the sentence.
Sentence
Origin
1. __________ is the inflammation of a vessel.
angiitis; angina pectoris;
arteriosclerosis;
arteriospasm
2. Hardening of the arteries is referred to as __________.
angiitis; angina pectoris;
arteriosclerosis;
arteriospasm
3. The phrase __________ means a pain in the chest.
angiitis; angina pectoris;
arteriosclerosis;
arteriospasm
4. A change in or destruction of red blood cells is known as
hemolysis; hemopathy;
__________.
hemophilia; hemorrhage
5. __________ is a congenital disorder affecting the coagulation
hemolysis; hemopathy;
process.
hemophilia; hemorrhage
6. Any disease of the blood may be referred to as __________.
hemolysis; hemopathy;
hemophilia; hemorrhage
7. An incision into a blood vessel is called __________.
angiography; angioplasty;
angiorrhaphy; angiotomy
8. X-raying a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium is called angiography; angioplasty;
__________.
angiorrhaphy; angiogram
9. __________ is the surgical repair of a blood vessel.
angiography; angioplasty;
angiorrhaphy; angiotomy
10.A printed record obtained through angiography is an.
angiography; angioplasty;
angiorrhaphy; angiogram
Answers key Chapter 6 :
EXERCISE 6 - 1
1. end/arter/ectomy
6.peri/cardi/ostomy
2. spleen/o/pexy
7. angi/o/plasty
3. angi/orrhaphy
8. splen/ectomy
[Cardiovascular
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
4. phleb/otomy
9. phleb/ectomy
5. thym/ectomy
EXERCISE 6- 2
1. hemorrhoidectomy
8. femoropopliteal bypass
2. vein ligation and stripping
9. laser angioplasty
3. percutaneous transluminal
10. intracoronary thrombolytic
coronary angioplasty
4. pacemaker
11. defibrillation
5. commissurotomy
12. bone marrow transplant
6. coronary artery bypass graft
13. embolectomy
7. aneurysmectomy
EXERCISE 6 - 3
1. h
3. k
5. d
7. a
9. c
11. i
2. f
4. l
6. m
8. b
10. e
12. g
13.j
EXERCISE 6 - 4
1. electr/o/cardi/o/graph
11.electr/o/cardi/o/graphy
2. steth/o/scope
12. hemat/o/crit
3. arteri/o/gram
13. lymph/angi/o/gram
4. ven/o/gram
14. leuk/o/cyte
5. angi/o/graphy
15. lymph/aden/o/graphy
6. electr/o/cardi/o/gram
16. erythr/o/cyte
7. ech/o/cardi/o/gram
17. lymph/angi/o/graphy
8. phon/o/cardi/o/gram
18. angi/o/scopy
February
24, 2016
[Cardiovascular
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
9. sphygm/o/cardi/o/graph
19. phleb/o/graphy
10. aort/o/gram
20. angi/o/ scopy
February
24, 2016
EXERCISE 6-5
1. sphygmomanometer
7. bone marrow biopsy
2. coagulation time
8. prothrombin time
3. treadmill stress
9. cardiac catheterization
4. complete blood count
10. hemoglobin
5. doppler flow studies
11. impedance plethysmography
6. cardiac scan
Exercise 6- 6
1
d
11
2
e
f
3
h
4
i
5
g
6
j
7
c
8
a
9
k
10
b
3
False
4
True
5
True
6
True
7
False
8
False
9
False
10
True
3
A
13
K
4
F
14
Q
5
I
15
T
6
G
16
L
7
C
17
S
8
18
O
9
B
19
M
10
D
20
R
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Exercise 6- 7
1
False
2
True
Exercise 6- 8
1
H
11
N
2
J
12
P
Exercise 6- 9
1
2
E
E
H
G
B
I
J
C
A
F
D
11
12
3
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
O
R
P
K
S
Q
T
N
L
M
Exercise 6- 10
[Cardiovascular
and Lymphatic Systems- Dr Masoud Sirati Nir]
February
24, 2016
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
False
True
True
False
True
False
False
False
True
False
Exercise 6- 11
1
angitis
6
hemopathy
2
arteriosclerosis
7
angiotomy
3
angina pectoris
8
angiography
4
hemolysis
9
angioplasty
5
hemophilia
10
angiogram