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Exam 1 Review
Chapter 1 Body Orientation and Chapter 2 Biochemistry
Some what short answer and Definitions:
1. Describe anatomical position: ___________________________________________________________________
2. Structural organization order (smallest to largest): __________________________________________________
3. Negative Feedback: ___________________________________________________________________________
4. Positive Feedback: ____________________________________________________________________________
5. Differentiation: ______________________________________________________________________________
6. System: _____________________________________________________________________________________
7. Reproduction: _______________________________________________________________________________
8. Homeostasis: ________________________________________________________________________________
9. Feedback Loops: _____________________________________________________________________________
10. Responsiveness: ______________________________________________________________________________
11. Anatomy: ___________________________________________________________________________________
12. Physiology: __________________________________________________________________________________
13. Organ: ______________________________________________________________________________________
14. Monosaccharides:_____________________________________________________________________________
15. Receptor: ___________________________________________________________________________________
16. Transverse Plane: _____________________________________________________________________________
1. Chemical process to breakdown large molecules into smaller ones: _______
A. Endocrine System
2. System that supplies oxygen, removes carbon dioxide and regulates acid-base
B. Integumentary
balance: _______
3. Regulates body activities through hormones: ______
C. Respiratory
4. Contains our genetic information: ________
5. Compounds which includes carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids: ______
D. Inorganic
6. Body structure that acts out the control center’s response to the stimulus: _______
E. Organic
7. Help with the structure of the cells and the body, composed of amino acids: _______
F. Water
8. Includes oxygen, carbon, calcium, in simplest form: ________
G. Effector
9. Energy source for all cells: _______
H. Metabolism
10. Space inside the skull, contains the brain: _______
I. Glucose
11. Basic structure and function units, the smallest living units in the body: _______
J. Umbilical
12. L:ack carbon, are simple in structure and include things like water, salt and
K. Fructose
acids: ______
L. Nucleic Acids
13. Protects the underlying organs from drying out and mechanical damage: _______
M. Protein
14. Known as table sugar: _______
N. Pelvic Cavity
15. Contains the urinary bladder, reproductive organs and rectum: _________
O. Cranial Cavity
16. The belly button: ________
P. Cellular
17. Most important inorganic compound in living systems: ________
Q. Chemistry
True and False: Circle the correct choice and if it’s false, you need to correct the false statements with the true
1. An example of negative feedback: Rapid growth during puberty causes the body to release more growth
hormone. True
False ___________________________
2. Acidic solutions have a pH of 7 True
False ___________________________
3. The spine, scapula, buttocks and hamstrings are all on the anterior surface of the body. True False
4. The femur is inferior to the tibia. True False ___________________________
5. The thumb is lateral to the pinky. True False _________________________
6. The sternum is medial to the shoulder. True
False _________________________
7. The head is considered to be inferior to the chest. True
False _________________________
8. An example of positive feedback: As a person’s blood sugar rises, the pancreas releases a hormone called insulin
to return the blood sugar levels back to normal. True False _________________________
9. Neutral solutions have a pH of 7. True False ___________________________
10. Unsaturated and Saturated fats are fall under the steroid category of lipids. True False
11. A frontal cut will divide the body into left and right halves: True
False _________________________
12. An example of positive feedback: When a person becomes dehydrated their blood becomes thicker and harder
to pump. As this happens, the kidneys stop producing urine and the water from the urine is redirected for use in
the blood. True
False _________________________
13. Basic solutions have a pH of 0-6.9 True
False _________________________
14. The eyes are distal to the mouth. True False ___________________________
15. You need to cut an animal along 2 planes so that both paired kidneys are observable in both sections. Frontal
and Transverse would meet this requirement. True
False ___________________________